network Users around the world are sounding the alarm over the memorial faced a real threat disappearance from the Internet. The reason for that new amendments to the copyright act, which actively endorse the European legislators. “the Tape.ru” understood, what threatens innovation, and can save favorite pictures from extinction.
Talking about 13th Directive EU copyright which first spoke the head of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker in 2016. He describes the new initiative as a “modern copyright rules appropriate for the digital age” — the first major reform in copyright legislation in the EU since 2001.
In theory, the bill of Juncker needs to protect the intellectual property rights of users who download their content to the network. The author of the initiative intends to encourage owners of large Internet sites to take steps to ensure that agreements concluded with the rightholders in relation to the use of their works, worked and was safe.
in simple terms, the administrations of all the social networks, functioning on the territory of the EU, will have to look very carefully at the materials that are published on their sites, not to pay huge fines for copyright infringement of users. Since we are talking about huge volumes of data, it is proposed to use “efficient technology for content recognition”. “Service providers provide copyright owners with adequate information on the functioning and application of measures and, in some cases, adequate reporting on the recognition and use of works and other materials”, — is spoken in the document.
the bill instantly found a huge number of enemies who have accused parliamentarians and the authors of the document all mortal sins. Critics believe that the new Directive could destroy the Internet in the form in which the users are accustomed to seeing it today. Be precise — start a global censorship, due to the rigid methods of content filtering.
to carry out the plans of the European Union, a major Internet sites have to constantly filter all published user — generated content millions of posts, photos, videos and music tracks a day. To do it manually is simply impossible, because to hire hundreds of thousands of moderators will not be able to even the most successful companies. Therefore, social networks and other platforms will need to use automatic algorithms — artificial intelligence that is able to track absolutely everything the user of the publication. We are talking about texts, photographs, videos, music, movies — any content that is subject to copyright.
it is Obvious that the Directive is directly contrary to all norms of freedom of speech. As stated by the Executive Director of the non-profit organization for the protection of the rights and freedoms of the individual in the digital world Open Rights Jim Killock (Jimm Killock), auto check material for copyright will necessarily violate the rights of citizens. “Article 13 create mode Robo-copyright where computers will allocate all identificeret as copyright infringement, despite the legal prohibition on laws that require General monitoring of users to protect their privacy,” the said Killock in an interview with “Bi-bi-si”.
However, the restriction of freedom of speech is not the only problem that users may face after the adoption of the controversial bill. Critics believe that the measures of Internet sites for the protection of copyright would kill the experience for users on the network.
the fact that even the most advanced AI can’t determine where published copyrighted photo, and the usual meme made based on it. Suffice it to recall a recent photo with the wrong guy who stares at a passing girl, momentarily forgetting about his own friend. This image was made by a Spanish photographer who in 2015 uploaded their work in the photo Bank. After some time the picture drew the attention of the users of the network and wrote of her popular meme, “bad guy” was actively spread on social networks for several months. However, after the entry into force of the new bill, such an outcome would be possible: most likely, filtering just deleted would first variation of the meme of social networks in a second after it was loaded.
the same applies to humorous movies, coubs and even a parody of a musical piece, regardless of the original are separate creative works. The algorithm will compare the images and sounds will find some similarities and block all controversial materials to a social network or other site has not received a serious penalty. A similar system already operates on YouTube and it works pretty bad. The authors of the daily broadcasts complaining that their channels be removed monetization or even block the videos, if they are present at least a glimpse of fragments of copyrighted material.
Criticism of the document also noted that it did not specify the legal status of memes and other variations associated with the original materials under copyright. Due to legal uncertainties defenders called the initiative “inappropriate interference”, which represents “a dangerous precedent in European law”.
the Europeans are very concerned about the upcoming meeting of Parliament, which must decide the fate of the controversial bill. To affect its outcome, various non-profit organizations and groups send open letter with proposals on the contentious paragraphs of the document.
for Example, a non-profit organization Electronic Frontier Foundation (electronic frontier Foundation) has collected more than 70 signatures of defenders and sent an open letter to the European legislators. “Article 13 of the Directive on copyright in the digital single market includes the obligations of the Internet companies that it would be impossible to observe without imposing excessive restrictions of fundamental rights of the citizens… because of the article 13 arises legal uncertainty that online services will have no choice but to monitor, filter and block messages to EU citizens, if they want to stay in business,” said in an open letter.
For the rejection of the new Directive was issued by the group an independent European economists, lawyers and scientists from leading research centers of Europe. In his letter to the parliamentarians, they noted that the bill actively lobbied by large corporations who want to censor the Internet. “The law does not fulfill the stated objectives of the Directive… in fact responds to the agenda of powerful corporate interests,” — said scientists.
Serious concerns have been expressed and a large group of European academic, educational, research and other communities, including the Association of European universities and the International Federation of library associations and institutions. “We are concerned that these provisions would create onerous and harmful restrictions on access to scientific research and data, as well as basic rights to freedom of information”, said the researchers, calling the upcoming amendments a serious threat to an informed and literate community.
left aside Human Rights Watch — “reporters without borders” and other non-profit organizations dealing with human rights issues. “This law will lead to excessive filtering and deleting content, restricting freedom of dissemination of information on the one hand and freedom of information — on the other” — wrote human rights activists in an open letter.
Despite the panic among users and human rights defenders, the presidents of the European Union is not in a hurry to abandon discussion of the new amendments. The representative of the political Association in an interview with SkyNews said that the Directive will help authors of original content to get a good income. “The idea of our copyright law is that people should have the opportunity to earn a living by their creative ideas,” — said in the EU.
in addition, the representative of the European Union has denied concerns about potential violations of freedom of speech. “Proposals for the modernization of provisions on copyright in the EU will not damage the freedom of expression on the Internet”, — the politician noted. He also added that the new amendments take into account technological developments that have already implemented some of the major players. Apparently, we are talking about algorithms to filter content. However, from the concrete representative of the European Union abstained.
most Likely, the final verdict parliamentarians, the EU will have to be carried out at the end of the year. 20 June, members of the legal Committee of the EP has voted in favour of the law. Its decision must give the parliamentarians at the plenary meeting, the exact date of which is still unknown: either beginning of July or mid-September of 2018. After that will be assigned to the closed trilateral negotiations between the Parliament, Commission and EU Council, and then there will be a final vote for approval of the results of the negotiations. Users can only pray for politicians to leave memes alone.