In the Pushkin Museum Pushkin brought masterpieces of the world’s largest private collection of old Dutch paintings belonging to Thomas Kaplan and Daphne Recanati-Kaplan.
It’s not just the art created during the time of Rembrandt and Vermeer (the exhibition opened March 28, is called “the Age of Rembrandt and Vermeer. Masterpieces of Leiden collections”), are present here, and the Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn — dozen paintings and drawings “Stay young lion” (1638-1642), and Jan Vermeer of Delft, whose “the Girl behind verginella” (1670-1672) from the collection of kaplans is the only painter’s canvas, held in private hands.
In the exposition there are works by Gerrit Dow, the first pupil of Rembrandt, and a portrait of Govert Flinck, one of the most significant of his students; a few things legenza Gabriela Metso (origin of most of the artists collection and is named Leiden) and student Dau of Frans van mieris the Elder, including his “Lady with a parrot” (1663), with which the contemporaries was copying.
there are third generation students, and fourth — Delft, Utrecht. The exhibition brought two works by Frans Hals of Haarlem was difficult for a collector to resist a nice add-on. As from the temptation to show created by Leonardo da Vinci the head of a bear: it is believed that in “the Lady with an ermine”, the artist never having seen the ermine, used the same pattern a bear’s head, slightly extending it.
In the White hall of the Pushkin Museum exhibited painting by Jan Lievens, a friend and rival of Rembrandt, with whom he shared a Studio in Leiden (including brilliant early self-portrait), and on the gallery — “David and Uriah” (1619) their General Rembrandt’s teacher Pieter Lastman. Pieter Lastman, known for his passion for the unpopular old Testament stories, wrote them as quite historical, shifting the action in a familiar context. The scene where king David — of course, the cloak lined with ermine, — the deceived wife Bathsheba deadly letter appears in the background of the Roman Basilica of St. Peter.
not Another oft — quoted story-the angel who points gone mad from thirst, Hagar the source — written by Karel Fabricius, the most talented pupil of Rembrandt. “The angel of Hagar” (about 1645), one of the main things here is the only one stored in a private collection painting by the artist. Fabricius, who died young in the explosion of gunpowder warehouse in Delft (for those who read “the Goldfinch” Donna tart — it was in the novel talking about his picture), had very little: there are only 16 confirmed it works. This particular painting was sold in 1704 as the work of Ferdinand bol (another pupil of Rembrandt, whose canvases are also brought to the Pushkin Museum), and within two and a half centuries, when it was kept in the Austrian collection of the counts of schönborn-Buchheim, it was attributed to Rembrandt. Only in 2011, when cleaning revealed the signature of Fabricius in the left corner.
the Beginning of the Leiden collection, which you can not believe it! — only 15 years old, was laid in 2003, when American businessman and philanthropist Thomas Kaplan, the new York-based Electrum Group LLC, and founder (with wife Daphne) of the Fund for the protection from extinction of large cat Pantera gained their first Gerrit Dow — “Portrait of Dirk van Berenstein” (about 1652), selling for this silver mine.
Main achievements — of course, Rembrandt, of which the kaplans more than anyone from private collectors. They and Minerva (1635), brings to mind the exemplary “Rembrandt” from the Hermitage and Prado museums, and “the Girl in gold embroidered Cape”, stolen in 1975 from the Museum of fine arts in Boston and in 10 years sold at auction. Thanks to Rembrandt, seen in the Metropolitan Museum, six-year-old Thomas Kaplan addicted to the old Dutch, and at eight was taken by his parents to Amsterdam. He was 44 when he bought the first “Rembrandt”. Bought the dealers of old paintings, rare at auction, believing the incredible luck that all of these things were sold: “I was lucky, because I very quickly made my decision.”
Now, Thomas Kaplan, 55 years, wife less, and the Leiden collection includes 250 of the things, of which 30 were shown in 2017 at the Louvre, then twice more — in the National Museum of China, and now 82—.
the Second striking feature of the Leiden collection, after its exceptional level of openness. Deciding that the best thing to do with art — to present it to the world, the couple Kaplan put it in American museums anonymously. At the Getty Museum in Los Angeles, long hung, for example, “the Boy in the cloak and turban” Aristotle without mentioning the owner. The accumulation of paintings and knowledge, research and restorations, feeling the need to share information, the owner of the collection launched website, where you can now see the full collection and learn all about him.
In 2015, the Kaplans bought a picturesque panel “Patient who fainted (Allegory of smell)” — one of four allegories of the senses, created by 18-year-old Rembrandt, in addition to two more panels that they already had. Until 2015 it was thought to be lost, as an “Allegory of taste”, has not yet surfaced on a third-rate American auction under the guise of an unknown author with an estimate of $ 500-800. Sold, however, was nearly a million.
Anticipating the question associated with Vermeer because he’s always causing issues, survived only 36 of its things — I should explain that at this time the origin is certain: the examination confirmed that the canvas for the paintings were cut from the same roll as for hanging in the Louvre, the “Lace”. Another thing is that the shawl which wrapped the girl, added later by another hand and is noticeably rougher.
one way or another, almost every masterpiece in the Leiden collection has its own history, and some of them pull on the detectives. It is not only the incorrect attribution, although Kaplan acknowledged that error correction usually occurred in his favour and never he made the right decision when buying. Just for 300-350 years of masterpieces with them anything can happen. Especially during the Third Reich, when the persecution of the Jews, which was missing among the art dealers, has forced many to flee, and someone died as a Dutch art collector Jacques Gaudstikkera. He owned a painting by Pieter Lastman was requisitioned in the collection of Hermann Goering, after the war was in the Dutch Museum, and in 2006, after years vessels returned to the heir of the dealer residing in the United States. The same way the “Sacrifice of Iphigenia” (1671) Leiden painter Jan Steen, but his “Parable of the rich man and Lazarus” (1677), is given to the owner of the painting for his and his family’s rescue in 1940 and for five years fell to Hitler in Linz.
In the Leiden collection there are works that adorned the collection of king August the Duke of Orleans, hanging in the Alte Pinakothek in Munich. “Portrait of a seated woman with crossed arms” (1658), Rembrandt atributiruemye now, and was believed to be the work of students, belonged to the Guggenheim family. But for the Russian audience it is also important that posed for him, it seems, the same model as rembrandta “Portrait of an old woman” hanging in the neighborhood with the current exhibition in the Pushkin Museum.
the Leiden collection as a whole looks are not accidental — and in Moscow, where the exhibition runs until 22 July, and especially in St. Petersburg where she will go next. Much of it is reminiscent of the Hermitage — not only to us but to the owner of the treasure. Remembering the happy time when he and his wife bought the painting a week, Thomas Kaplan notices that Catherine II the whole of such a collection could buy in a day. Some of these things and it just bought. For example, “Peddler sledu” (1964) Gerrit Dow together with his other works, some of which — including the famous “the old Man, considering the globe”, presented by one of the Orlov brothers, eventually came back to the Hermitage. A “Vendor…”, given to the favorite, in the late 1920s went to the West. “It shows in his shop, where you see bunches of onions, bunches of carrots, a head of red cabbage and a barrel of herring. The woman pulls out one and shows it to boy who is obviously very want to try it,” — said about this painting in the first, handwritten is still the catalog of the Hermitage, where it is listed under the number 534.
Dhow many in the Hermitage. But a miniature samples of Leiden fine painting (fijnschilderij), which Dow actually created, set specific direction and in the Leiden collection. Smooth as enamel, the surface is thoroughly discharged the little things, the everyday scenes, the details shown on the Board or a copper plate Cabinet painting, always very modest size, rarely written on the canvas, all done with such precision that it is clear why the master of fine art was so popular during his lifetime.
and now It looks like kunshtyukov and shown in separate display cases in the Cabinet of curiosities. Irina Sokolova, curator of the Hermitage exhibition (curator of the Moscow exhibition became the head of the Department of art old masters of the Pushkin Museum Vadim Sadkov), believes that the meeting of the kaplans as a whole, “embodies the idea, very similar to the cabinets of European painting masters of the art of the XVII-XVIII centuries”. Lined up, these Frank, albeit innocent scenes — “Cat, priceusa in the artist’s Studio” (1657), or “the Praying man” (circa 1665-1670 years), seem to be peeped in the keyhole and reminiscent of the forced tradition of the Protestant Dutch not draw the curtains in the Windows, exposing the heart.