Category Archives: BOOKS

Stephen king demanded the release from a Russian prison starving.

American writer Stephen king urged to support the Ukrainian Director Oleg Sentsov, who was convicted in Russia for organizing terrorist attacks in the Crimea. He wrote about this in Twitter.

“Today is the first day of the world Cup and the 32nd day of hunger strike Sentsov. Join my fight for the release of a Ukrainian Director, unjustly convicted in Russia. Time is short and he could die for his views,” wrote king.

the Ukrainian Director, who is serving a sentence in colony Yamal “polar bear”, announced the hunger strike on 14 may. The only condition for ending the protest, he called the release of all Ukrainian prisoners held in Russia.

“I was among those who was shot”

To Moscow for a book festival on red square came to classic Israeli literature Meir Shalev, author of “the Russian novel”, “Esau”, “the Dove and the Boy” and many other novels. In Russian language the writer presented his new book “My wild garden” and a series of books for children about the cat Kramer. About growing marijuana in the garden, lice, catching poisonous snakes with his bare hands and the right politicians to discuss literature with Meir Shalev was interviewed by the Explorer “the Tape.ru” Natalia Kochetkova.

About Bush marijuana

Near the house I have a garden. It is only the wild flowers that grow in Israel. This garden appeared. 20 years ago I still lived in Jerusalem, but it was harder and harder to stay there. I began to look for his house and found him in the valley of Israel, in the village, not far from the place where I was born and which is described in several of my novels.

Near my house there was a stretch of dry land. All of it was shriveled, but one of the Bush — Bush of marijuana. The Bush was green, and I realized that someone at night comes with a watering can and watering it. I have a friend who is a police officer. I invited him to see the house. He saw a Bush and said, “You haven’t had time to enter the house, and Bush is already planted?” I replied that the Bush was not mine. For a good mood, I grow grapes, and this someone else’s Bush. And as soon as the real owner will collect his harvest, I’ll destroy it.

And indeed, once night came the owner of the hive and cut it. After that, I plowed with a tractor your site and started thinking, what would be put there.

wildness

I love to walk in nature, look at the landscapes, to animals to plants. When I was young, I walked a lot. But in the army I was severely wounded: four bullets in the knee and in the thigh. It was six months after the end of the six day war, July 1967. It was an operation in which an Israeli night of the shot another Israeli part. I was among those who was shot. Now I don’t have to walk a lot — I just starts to fall apart the knee. So I sit in my truck. I love to look at nature. Not only in Israel. The same trip I took in Namibia, Mongolia, Kenya.

I Have never had land — my whole garden was placed in pots on the balcony in Jerusalem. While I was pondering what I’d plant in your new garden, winter came, the rains began, and the seeds were in the ground, sprouted: it was the anemones, cyclamen and daffodils. And I thought, why not plant a plot of flowers that grow in Israel.

I Must say that the gardens with wild plants in Israel is not just me. We have many beautiful wild flowers. They are known to all, because Israel is a small country. Since Israel is a point where three continents: Africa, Europe and Asia, we have 2,700 species of wild plants on a very small area. It is an impressive Botanical wealth. In addition, the love of nature is part of the Zionist ideology. Because the first settlers who came to Israel a hundred years ago, knew nothing about this country and wanted a better acquainted. And their children taught the same. So it since then and passed on from generation to generation.

So I started looking for bulbs, seeds and seedlings of wild plants. In Israel, when you lay a new highway or build a new house, before that happens, the district Council publishes an announcement that you can come to this place and dig up plants that are growing there. I also chose the flowers in such places. I also met people who have the same gardens. They gave me advice on how to care for such a garden.

And because people read my books, they wanted to help me and all the time he made the gifts. They said, here I brought you a bulb of a Tulip or Narcissus, anemones. Was the man who said, “I will follow what you put. So, dig a hole. Not here. Now soot. No, turn the bulb, like this.” Then it once a week came to watch, well if its growing a flower. Every time we had to take a guest, make him coffee, tea, to talk to him. After that, he invited me to his daughter’s wedding, hoping that I get to speak. And I realized that to grow wild flowers is more difficult than I thought before.

But the wild flowers of Israel is very stable. Now summer, very hot and my garden looks completely dead. I figured if they can withstand such a climate, it can take my departure.

Paradise

the Garden is a haven for plants and animals, but nature is not pretty. Much more violent than civilization. (Shows a photo of the phone on which it holds the head and tail of a big snake.) This is also the nature in my garden. This is Viper, that is a snake that can kill you. I caught her alive. Drove a mile from the house and released there. The snake is not a territorial animal. The fact that she crawled in my garden, doesn’t mean it’s her house. I like to catch with his bare hands poisonous snakes, I know how to do and do not for the first time. In the village when this situation arises, the neighbors call me. I once caught this snake in a kindergarten and killed her. It was impossible to leave her a chance to go back.

enemies

in my garden there are a few enemies that hinder me to grow flowers. First, it is the other wild plants that I don’t want to be in my garden, therefore I weed out all the time. Although it is a philosophical, ethical question. If I want to grow a natural garden, then why are some plants I purposely planted, and disposed of.

Some may see this as a metaphor, but believe me, she’s not here. Give an example from another book about my grandmother who had a thing for cleanliness. My grandfather’s brother sent her from America a huge powerful vacuum cleaner so she can clean up. When I was in Belgium, one literary critic said to me, “American vacuum cleaner, which cleans the dust from the Zionist is a metaphor of the genocide of the Palestinian people. Because you are getting technology from the United States, and the dust is a symbol of the land that you suck and throw. Now, when I’m talking about your garden — I’m just talking about the garden.

in addition to weed my way some animals. For example, the mole. I have in the garden, the buttercups and wild gladioli is a plant that loves the mole. It was winter, when the mole destroyed my buttercups and gladioli. Then I realized that it was wrong. I started the war to result had survived me or the mole.

One of the methods of controlling mole used in the village where I grew up: in the hole of the mole fits in the trunk of a makeshift rifle hunting cartridge. When the mole touches the barrel, the gun shoots. It’s cruel, illegal and dangerous to others, because if people come to a gun — he will lose his foot.

Another method is to dig a hole, shove the hose and fill the hole with water. When I tried them, came to me from the district Council and asked if I built a pool in the backyard? The fact that my water bill has increased 10 times. And the pool will be taxed separately. A mole, nothing happened. Except that he asked but water, I poured him some more shampoo.

Then I dug out his tunnel and stood over him with a hoe. I stood there an hour, when three hours later the mole came to dig her hole, I couldn’t bend over and hit it with a hoe, because I was shot in the back. The mole returned home, and I went to the podiatrist to treat the back.

One of my friend said that the hole you need to stick one end of the hose, and the second to connect to the exhaust pipe of the machine, and then the mole will start to suffocate and run away. But I replied that I’m Jewish, Jews have a strong historical memory, and they don’t do those things.

I looked at this and thought: that’s done! I’m a grown man. Moreover, I am a famous man. I look at your garden and realize that all the holes it has dug not the mole, and me. I spend every day for three hours of their time trying to get rid of it. Since then I just grow their buttercups and gladiolus in pots. The mole also lives quietly. I really don’t know what he eats now. And I all began to say that my mole is now not at war and in conflict.

About the benefits of swearing

But I must say one more thing: my garden is open. That is, it has no fence. It borders the nature reserve, where there are old oaks. They are smaller than the European, but very beautiful. There are wild boars that consider my garden a part of their reserve, so they come to me every night. They do not eat plants, but they dig up the ground and scatter the bulbs. And I have every morning to re-plant anemones. I don’t fight with them — I’m afraid of them. They are big and strong animals.

One night I went out on the balcony. I stand and say to them: why don’t you go to my neighbor, he has such a beautiful garden, lawn, very beautiful wooden terrace with Jacuzzi. I would very much like to have it in two in the morning woke up and saw that he had in a Jacuzzi three boar with a cigar. But they come to me.

they Usually go in the night, but it was day. In my garden there is a table on which stood pots are onions. I stood and worked, and suddenly heard behind me the boar grunts. I looked around and saw a wild boar with five.. When I was young, I probably would have run away from the boar. Now gone, so I jumped up on the table. And here’s me standing on the table next to me kabanicha with five., my phone in the house, neighbors at work, and I don’t know how many hours I here still stand.

as a result, I began to talk to her. I spoke to her in Hebrew, but she understood me. She understood what I was saying some very ugly words about her, her children, her husband and his parents. My mother, when I was a kid, if she saw me talking to the bully, told me that it is not necessary to communicate with him. While her face had a special expression that I remember. Suddenly I saw on the face of kabanikha mother’s face and heard her tell his children that they should not to communicate with me. She ran into the woods and took a brothers’. Their tails were upright, that contempt.

Holiness

of course, You know that the country in which I live, is considered the Holy land for many people. She’s a Saint for all Christians, some Muslims and Jews. Because of this the sanctity of the war that we are not always rational. This is not a war for territory, access to water or minerals. If the war is for resources, it is possible to negotiate. When one says that God promised me this land, and the other says: no, I — there is no negotiation is possible.

unfortunately, in Israel there is a situation that still has to show strength, so that the country continued to exist. And more unfortunately, our government does not conduct peace talks. I belong to the left side of the political spectrum do not agree with the ongoing policy. If the Red army during the Second world war came to Berlin, then the world today would look completely different. Sometimes you need to show strength and fight.

And it’s important for me that my garden — it is very small, but the only land in Israel that is Holy for anybody. I checked on my land did not go Moses, Jesus and Muhammad. This land belongs only to my flowers and plants.

cat Kramer

My cat’s name is Kramer. He’s fat, black and sleeps all the time. He sleeps so much that at some point we decided to change it for another cat. Then he suddenly woke up. He came to us. He was born to our neighbors in the village. When he was about 10 months, I came to visit my friend from abroad and brought the steak, very good meat.

I began to prepare the meat and Kramer smelled the smell of a neighbor’s house and ran up to us. When he ran into the house, then lost his balance and crashed into the wall. So I called him Kramer as the hero of the TV series “Seinfeld.” I gave him a small piece of steak. He tried it. And since then stayed in our house to try again.

Kramer is a special cat. For example, he can read. How do we know? He is very happy when I start reading the sports tabloid. He knows that sport is not interesting to me, and it means that I will soon cease to read, laid the newspaper on the floor and put on her some treats for Kramer. How does he know this is a sports app? Because it says “Sport”.

Of lice

in our house, there are other animals. Many years ago, when my daughter was little, she once came home from kindergarten with lice. Had to wash her head with a special shampoo and comb hair comb. I then worked in Israeli television and led talk show. Then I said to her daughter: “Imagine if lice you go to my head, and my head is on the heads of guests. Then they will be able to keep your program for body lice, which live in the minds of the audience.” In this moment has entered the room my wife and said this may be a good idea for children’s books.

I wrote a book and brought it to his editor. But she told me that it is unable to type because lice is gross. I put the book in a drawer where it has lain for three years. Then the publisher asked if I have a book for children. I replied that I was there, but it is disgusting. He read it, we released it, and now it is one of the most famous and best-selling children’s books in Israel.

About didacticism and the angel of death

I am a writer who does not teach. Kids in my books do not teach anything. I raised my children — that’s enough for me. And children have their parents. There are topics I will not write for children, there are topics I won’t write for adults. For example, when my son was four years old, he heard the phrase “angel of death” and asked me who it was. I explained to him. Then he said he wants to Purim to change into the angel of death. When was his birthday and asked him what he wants as a gift, he replied that he wants a black cloak with a hood and a scythe. We told him it’s all bought. He put on his coat, took a scythe, ran outside and began to frighten passers-by.

I said to him, if now will come the real angel of death, he will be angry at you. After all, who looks at you now, I think that you’re the real angel of death. And over it already will laugh. I don’t want the angel of death angry at my child, it could end badly. I even thought to include this story in a children’s book, and then decided that I would not write about it for kids and put this story in one of her adult books.

About problems with Knesset

I Have a story in which a boy wakes up in the night because he hears a lion’s roar. He looks out the window and sees that the garden goes the lion. And in the morning he sees that sitting in the garden parents and drinking coffee. The next night, he again hears the lion roars. This time he looks Leo in the eye, and the lion looks at him through the window. The next night Leo enters the room, the boy starts to run after him with a stick, and it turns out that it’s not a real lion, but a lion costume, inside of which was hiding his parents. He is very angry, takes the suit, does not allow them to watch TV, read a newspaper on the basis that lions do not read Newspapers and don’t watch TV.

a few months after the book came out, I got a call from the Knesset is the Israeli Parliament. I was told that I had to go to the Commission because some psychologists and educators claim that this book is harming the relationships between parents and children. I replied that, first, a book the kids like it, and secondly, I do not recognize the right of politicians to discuss literature. They said: anyway, you should come to this Committee. I said that he did not come, let the police come and accompany me. As a result, they discussed the book without me, and I’m the only one in Israel, the writer about whom the Knesset has decided that his book affects readers.

the “red riding Hood” and parental fears

I believe that without a doubt parents should decide which books get into their house. But I also think that to censor books and to make sure that they did not get anything wrong — it was to raise a child in a sterile bubble. For example, there are now parents who do not read the children “little Red riding Hood”, because I think that this is too cruel a story the wolf eats the grandmother, then kill the wolf, then his stomach ripped open.

But as in any children’s text, “little red riding Hood” has several levels. First — for children: the child reads that one must be careful not to trust strangers. The second is for adults. From the point of view of the adult in front of him — the crazy family. Mother sends a little girl into the woods, knowing that it was a prowling wolf. She warns the daughter that she should be afraid of the wolf, but if it’s so dangerous, why not leave the baby at home? Grandma sent no medicines and a bottle of wine and cakes. And another question that arises is: where’s dad?

in Short, it’s a complicated story, and each generation can interpret it in accordance with their experience. And this book is written for the wolves, which reads: do not touch the grandma, and especially her granddaughter.

“I have my mind of von Trier guard”

In Moscow in late may — early June on the red square and Pushkin square held a book festival, which hosted more than 500 events, attended by over 200 thousand people. Explorer “the Tape.ru” Natalia Kochetkova talked with the Chairman of the organizing Committee of the festival — a Russian presidential adviser on culture Vladimir Tolstoy about how literature affects foreign policy and the attitude of provocation and manipulation in art.

Book festival on the red square all these years was positioned as purely Russian, and this year it attracted quite a decent foreign delegation: Anna gavalda, Sulfu have Livaneli, Meir Shalev and they are not alone. How to treat this? How to change the format?

Thick: As for his search. Initially, the festival as a participant appeared Belarus. Now the foreign delegation. Perhaps this step is to ensure that book festival at some point will be international. We are thinking about it and perhaps now this is especially true given the complexity of international relations. Want to strengthen cultural communication, communication in literature. And this is one of the possibilities. Of course, writers come and other book events in Moscow, but we position the festival “Red square” as the main, Central. It is tested, proven and allows you to expand the boundaries.

Arrived Turkish writer Zulfu have Livaneli, and Russia with Turkey in the recent past, relations were strained.

When they were the most intense, the prize “Yasnaya Polyana” was awarded Orhan Pamuk (laughs).

Arrived French Anna gavalda, and we remember that in March of this year Russia was the guest of honor of Paris book fair and the President of the Makron did not come to the Russian stand.

But macron has just arrived at the St. Petersburg economic forum, and even has promised in case of successful performance of the national team of France of football to come and support her at the world Championships in Moscow, so, apparently, relations are improving. This is not directly related things — it’s not that we tried to invite someone who has now relations with Russia better or worse, and just a bright, interesting people, and to work out a format for the future, since major writers need to invite too far in advance the work to start, maybe even a year. That is, after the festival, to start thinking about the next one.

Here I’d like to ask about the award “Yasnaya Polyana”, where you — the Chairman of the jury, already selected the winner of the foreign category?

We decided on a very short list of foreign literature — 5-6 names. Now start negotiations with those who have the highest rating.

country?

(laughs), because it will be clear who is the winner.

When the book festival on red square began, the organizing Committee was conscious of the position to include in the program as many events. Looking at the programme this year, it is difficult to escape the impression that the best events are even better, but optional has not disappeared. Not whether it pollutes the information space?

we, as the organizers, the concessions to the participants. There are key program, which forms the Executive management and supervisors of the venues. There are regions. Among their publications, too, have their findings. We don’t always know the authors from the regions, and for them it is the opportunity to go to the Federal level. Don’t give them that chance.

Today the system of distribution of the book is imperfect in our country. The book, published in the regions, for the most part there deposited. And don’t always get into the Internet. A lot of interesting research, regional findings do not become nationwide phenomenon. And the festival for them is a chance.

would Now like books cease to be purely paper, audiobooks has occupied its stable niche.

the Apparent growth of sales of electronic also stopped — they too have their niche. I think a paper book is still still relevant, there is no sense that there will be a complete replacement of the paper to the email.

But the trouble came from not waiting — I think they changed the procedure reading. Partly now the electronic media began to push books. The so-called longreads is the nights that people could spend on reading books.

I think that this situation will be distributed in a natural way. Electronic media move demand: if the demand is there, they extend the offer.

Here I have a big family: four adult children of different ages. For example, my older daughter prefers paper books. She looks on the Internet, something to read, and then read it on paper.

I prefer paper books and electronic reading only flying visits when it is inconvenient to carry a lot of books, although one or two still take. Force of habit, and I get aesthetic pleasure from the paper copy. And eyes get tired less.

My younger children read everything in electronic form. Even if they have a paper book, they try to find it in electronic form. It’s a question of habit and convenience. Probably, the younger generation is moving towards electronic text.

Although this is the youngest of my sons, he was 20, he was fond of poetry of the 1970s and 80s, looking for rare editions Novikov, Boris Red on the network, he orders them around the world and reads on paper. So it is always an individual story. So you like reading?

I work for the most books read in electronic form, because often do this even before the book was published from the press, but sometimes I give myself the opportunity to rest and pick up a paper book.

Well. So I would not have predicted the death of printed books. And there is still photographs, book illustrations, the quality of which in the print edition is still higher. So let’s wait and see.

in addition to books from the list of contenders for the award “Yasnaya Polyana”, you read a lot of contemporary literature?

Yes. First, I have my own interests, and secondly, I have a rather strange way of reading: I simultaneously read 3-4 books. You can set aside for the middle and take another.

Pressure on readers ‘ corn now and loves fiction and non-fiction. If the relevance and topicality were present in the literature, the conditional always (Turgenev after the release of “Fathers and children” said, your nihilists harness Petersburg), provocation and manipulation of the reader — the phenomenon is rather recent time. How do you treat them?

Any book looking for a way to the reader. And the publisher is looking for this way. For this purpose, different methods, including manipulative, and that’s probably okay. For me it’s not valid the concept of “fashion”. I think I’ll wait until the fashion passes, and then read.

I forgot in the list of “Yasnaya Polyana” was part of “a Small life” Yanagihara?

Yes, in the past year.

Oh, right! Does she have a very impressive Valentine Kurbatov.

Yes, he said that this book must either give the prize, or burn (laughs). Incidentally, he phoned me last night and said, “Sit on the banks of the great river, I read a young author and I think that this is literature of another era. I love it madly, but I’m fighting the urge to throw the book into the river.”

If a book evokes such strong negative emotions, is it good? Or are there any writer-reader conventions, which, from your point of view, is not necessary to break?

Now quite a lot of disorders and is not written conventions. But the experiment of the early twentieth century was not weaker. He remained in the history of literature, but did not fill all the space. Were not all write like Khlebnikov or Vasily Rozanov, Remizov, Platonov. Talent, talent, special author’s language get out of the number, and maybe then, too, there were attempts of emotional influence and pressure. And it’s not always welcome.

When I see that is a technique invented specifically move to me to enslave, hypnotize, or cause annoyance, — this book makes me want to postpone, it wants to isolate itself.

And if you move from literature to cinema? Trier, from your point of view, what kind of provocateur — natural or artificial? In Cannes recently, with his show crawled out.

it seems to Me that to provoke you to almost anything, but you need to understand that the reaction can be cared out of the room. We see it in the theatre: the audience go, because it is boring and because of the provocation. Because it hurts, because that’s a shame. And then do not forget that that a person can take alone with his computer screen, he’s not always willing to make public in the auditorium. Could you not just one, or you can be friends in the hall and watch your reaction. Here are entering other public mechanisms. With the book in this sense is easier — it read one-on-one with the text. You can close it, to defer, to get it again.

we all Have different mentality, different Hobbies, weakness. The authors sometimes find a certain group that needs it. There are no universal mechanisms of provocation. Even the Bible is not universal, because not all people on Earth, it is a sacred book. And the novel “War and peace” is not universal because someone prefers “the Brothers Karamazov”, and someone James Joyce. But such experiments have not been conducted would, if it had not found a mass public response.

Everyone has a right to exist, in addition, which violates written rules of morality.

But works of art often deliberately violate them. Is art making? Traumatic? Heals?

It was shocking, traumatizing, but probably for people burdened with some serious complexes, it can be release negative emotions, fears and phobias. Like the poison of a serpent: it can be fatal, and can be part of medications. There are people with different psychological types. For a healthy person is not necessary and is traumatic. I have my mind of such a guard and look only out of professional necessity.

so look von Trier for yourself you won’t?

(laughs). Definitely. But I know of people that this helps to cope with their complicated psyche. And for which such art is created. Undoubtedly, the same Lars von Trier — a man with a complex mind, and it is, of course, welcome and shocking form of expression. But if he didn’t have it in the subconscious, it is highly unlikely that it is possible artificially to produce. Yes, people can leave the room, but some remains. Everyone has their own hell of what is permitted. For me, quite conservative in their preferences of the person, this trait is pretty close.

Great American

Last at least ten years a considerable number of people in the world every autumn was waiting for news about the award of the Nobel prize for literature with one purpose: to find out whether it has finally Philip Roth again or not. The writer died, never becoming nobleton, although he deserves this award as few others. But if it turned out that he would have it received, with high probability in the premium formulation would be about life, love and death, because few whose texts had joviality, pagan sexuality, and bodily fear before leaving, as the great American novels: “the Dying animal,” “American pastoral,” “the Human brand”, “Ghost out” and others.

Not to say that Philip Roth was overlooked and awards. He was a winner of the Pulitzer prize and the International man Booker prize. In his native Newark, one of the town squares named in his honor. In 2010, American President Barack Obama handed writer the National Humanities medal of the United States, which is awarded for special contribution to the Humanities, and the Minister of foreign Affairs of France Laurent Fabius in 2013, awarded him the Legion of honor. And yet there is a feeling that all these decades in the same world with us really lived the great writer, whose novels (he wrote a total of about three dozen, but at least five brilliant) undervalued by the experts and the public. However, American critics put it on par with such classics as Saul bellow and John Updike.

And another feeling — what social themes (with which my Mouth loved to play that is already there), some have gone by the wayside the main thing he wrote about life as overcoming obstacles and love as possible for a short time not to think about impending death.

Philip Roth and the Jews

When it comes to Philip Roth, the first theme, which usually grabs talking about it is Jewishness. It is presented as an American writer of Jewish origin, in every book anyway to talk on the subject of anti-Semitism. That’s right — and wrong.

Indeed, the future writer was born March 19, 1933, in the Jewish quarter of Newark, new Jersey to immigrant parents from Galicia. In 1954 he graduated from Bucknell University. According to his confession, in the family of origin was made to have kosher food, and in the right age the boy was a bar mitzvah. But his domestic, and religious Jews over. In an interview, he stressed that his parents lived the lives of ordinary Americans, and his national identity is purely cultural properties: Jewish culture is important to him and the road because it is his roots, and he’s not ready to give them up. As for the religious affiliation — he is a staunch atheist.

Indeed, many of the Roman Rota anyway there is the theme of Jewry, but about Nathan Zuckerman, the alter ego of the author, written a whole cycle. But this cycle is not just about the Jews but about Jews in America of the twentieth century, the country class is quite intricate, in which there was not only a tiny quota to the training of Jews in prestigious universities, but also exactly the same restrictions for Catholics, not to mention blacks. Therefore, the argument of Roth about what it’s like to be a Jew in America, equally relate to all cultural, national and religious other, other people — not like the majority.

in General it seems to have been always ready to make fun of everything that resisted and begged for a language that is no less caustically ironic on the subject of how flipped class system in the late twentieth century, and to guarantee to get into Harvard, it’s good to be a poor African American with slaves as ancestors.

Philip Roth and American politics

Wicked social satire on the subject structure of the American (not only American — Israeli too) society and life, presidential elections and the behaviour of politicians, the motive of all of the novels Roth. Some brighter, some background.

the plot of the affair bill Clinton Monica Lewinsky fully revealed in the novel “the Human brand”. For the author it is an occasion to reflect on the hypocrisy, false modesty and tiresome moralizing. By the way, political correctness he also believed social disease that should be treated.

“My husband is a Communist” is largely based on their own experience Company. He told me that in his youth was very passionate about politics, and some of his cousins were ardent Communists.

“the Prague Orgy” is about totalitarianism. “The plot against America” — the Nazism. “Ghost out” — on the re-election George Bush and the related tragedy of American liberal intellectuals.

Love and death in Philip Roth

Eros (sometimes on the verge of physiology and even pornography) in Rota, in all the novels is adjacent to the Thanatos. His characters think about death, fear death, get sick, get old, are on the verge of dying. And quite shamelessly, pulevski love, have sex, dream about it. Most clearly this is expressed in two books — “the Dying animal” and “Ghost out”. Curiously, their stories would mirror each other: in the first of the pair is gradually dying young woman, and the second elderly lover.

In “the Dying animal” a middle-aged Professor Lovelace the salt of life is to sleep with a student (the novel came out in 2001 and the horror that I would say right now about this in social networks under the hashtag #metoo). And at some point falls in love. It is difficult to define the feeling which he experiences, but he suddenly gets jealous mistress to the young men. And yet his obsession becomes her Breasts, and he goes crazy with pleasure when licking her genitals during menstruation. Him to bleed out would be a metaphor for life — closer to the end of the story, the girl detects cancer, it will take difficult, painful, incapacitating her body with surgical intervention.

In the novel “the Ghost goes” the situation is inverted: the hero, 71-year-old writer, recovered after surgery to remove tumors of the prostate and suffering from urinary incontinence, accidentally sees a newspaper ad that a young couple wants a year to exchange their city apartment to a country house. He met with the couple, Jamie and Billie to share with them the shelter, and falls in love with a 30-year-old beauty Jamie to fall in love just with the old hard and lonely.

He imagines how she will live surrounded by his things to sleep in his bed. And spends my literary fervor in the imaginary Frank conversations that they could have, but that will not happen never, because time is the main killer of love have played against them.

“I Remember one of those moments when I once again thought about death, I was 45 years old. I remember walking from home to the office in Connecticut and told myself: “don’t let this thought to terrorize you. Think about it, when you’re 70 years old.” I knew that before I turn 46, then 47 years — a whole barrel of days. Now, when the barrel is not so full and have seen the bottom, because I’m 77 years, death still brings me to a screeching halt,” — said in the Mouth interview.

And that is the feeling that the hourglass is inverted and the sand on the outcome — the main theme of Philip Roth, which he nizet everything else. And oddly enough, it’s sadness, longing, despair, a sense of the transience of time and looking around at the grave give life novel heroes such sharpness that even now when I became the author ultimately triumphs over death.

Died Creator of the rhymes-pies

the Creator of the rhymes-pies Vladislav Kungurov died at the age of 46 years. This was reported in the group “Pies +” in the Vkontakte on Friday, may 18.

“Friends, today passed away Vladislav Kungurov — the man who invented pies,” — says the publication. The cause of death was not specified, however, in the group previously raised money for his treatment.

Members honored the memory of the poet’s own verses-pies. One of the commentators wrote this poem:

“We are remembering Vladislavto Stick good pieswe will Cover them a shot of vodkaTears from the cheeks of his whisk”.