Category Archives: CENTRAL ASIA

The President of Turkmenistan from the helicopter and enjoyed the flooded capital

President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov made a survey of the major buildings of Ashgabat on the helicopter at the time, until the city was flooded with heavy rain. On Wednesday, may 16, according to “Chronicles of Turkmenistan”.

the State Agency TDH reported that Berdimuhamedov “inspected the area large-scale construction, making a circle above it, so you can see the whole picture, objectively, to assess the status and dynamics of work according to the schedule, the rationality of technology”. While the footage on state television shows that the trenches of construction sites were flooded, and construction equipment instead of the planned works churned mud, indicating “Chronicles of Turkmenistan”.

Also, the publication indicates that the Turkmen state media chose not to report on the flood in the city, although as a result of the downpour cellars of houses are flooded, and the water flows have created serious problems for traffic and pedestrians: in many places they have washed away the soil under roads and sidewalks.

The first visit of the Uzbek President in the US will bring the country $ 8.5 billion

on Tuesday, may 15, begins the first official visit of the new President of Uzbekistan’s Shavkat Mirziyoyev in the United States. It is reported TASS.

According to the Chairman of the American-Uzbek chamber of Commerce Carolyn Lamm, only in the field of trade and investment, the value of signed contracts will amount to $ 4 billion. And with projects in energy and military-technical cooperation — $ 8.5 billion.

the Greatest mutual interest is the development of the oil and gas industry and nonferrous metallurgy. In particular, we are talking about the invitation Chevron and Exxon Mobil to exploration and mining. These companies have long been operating in neighbouring Kazakhstan. The first President of Uzbekistan, Islam Karimov tried to attract American companies into the country, but the talks did not succeed.

in Addition to the exploration and production of natural resources, Uzbekistan is planning to invite General Electric to participate in the reconstruction of power plants.

during the visit, Mirziyoev will personally visit the Pentagon and will discuss with military officials in the delivery of communications, anti-aircraft missiles, drones and equipment.

the United States, in turn, are interested in the development of transport infrastructure in the region to improve the supply of American forces in Afghanistan. The railway line Hairatan — Mazar-e-Sharif is supposed to extend to Herat.

President of Turkmenistan took the wheel and beat a professional racing driver

President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov took part in the race on the rally car and won the race from a professional driver. The video on your YouTubechannel publishes “Chronicles of Turkmenistan”.

As stated the material of the state news agencies of the country tdkh, 12 may Berdimuhamedov arrived for the qualifying races “in one of the most beautiful places in the Karakum desert”, which determined team from Turkmenistan at the upcoming international rally “Amul-the Khazars 2018”.

Finding that the technical performance sports car, which Berdimuhamedov arrived at the race, meet the set of competition parameters, the President asked the judge if he could also take part in the race. The judges did not dare to refuse the head of state in such opportunities.

Berdimuhamedov Opponent on the road was the athlete’s Centre of Motorsport interior Ministry country Gurbanmyrat of hommadov. Drive the designated distance and arriving to the finish line, Berdymukhamedov has found that ahead of a professional athlete — the head of the judicial group told the President that he was able to drive the designated distance in 10 minutes of 10.45 seconds, while Hammadou it took 10 minutes 22,42 seconds.

This is not the first victory of the leader of Turkmenistan at the races. In August 2015 Berdimuhamedov won the victory in the competition “Alfa Romeo 2015”, ahead of the already mentioned Hommadov three seconds.

In 2013, the President participated in horse racing. Opportunity managed to win, however, immediately after the finish of the leader of Turkmenistan fell from horse.

The government of Turkmenistan will leave the country only have white cars

the government of Turkmenistan decided to leave the country vans in white only. On Thursday, may 3, reports the edition “Chronicles of Turkmenistan”.

Since the beginning of the year, when the police the beginning to catch on roads of vehicles of all colors, except white, to March car owners from Ashgabat could sell their cars with dark colors in another region of the country. Now the cars stopped to put on record there.

According to the “Chronicles of Turkmenistan”, Ashgabat city Day, which will be celebrated on 25 may on the roads of the capital of Turkmenistan will remain the only comes in white (which is the favorite color of the head of state Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov).

In connection with the termination of production of cars in black and other colors on account of the people of Turkmenistan have to repaint your cars in the color white. Due to the hype the price of this service rose sharply. The average cost of painting is 18 thousand manats (5143 of the dollar at the official rate or $ 1125 for the course “black market”). In small private garages painting will cost much cheaper, but the quality will be worse.

Also in Ashgabat there was a shortage of white paint. For two months the cost of cans of paint weighing 4.2 kg from the UAE has increased by half. While garages can offer its customers more than cheap paint from China. Repainting a car takes about a month — all this time taxi drivers for whom a private taxi driver is often the only source of income, are unemployed. After painting the car owner must apply for a new registration, be diagnosed, get insurance and to be tested for violations. Car owners also require a statement to the head of the GAI that the owner of the car, painted it on their own.

“In General, the process of registration of documents covered and messy. However, another option owners have no cars,” — noted the authors of “Chronicles of Turkmenistan”.

Pleasant partners

New President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoev are well — known reformer. He resolutely undertook the dismantling of the old state system and for the first year of his reign, held a large-scale purge of the leadership of the country. However, with regard to foreign policy, here the Uzbek leader behaves much quieter and circumspect. Perhaps because a strong selection of allies is limited and any error can be costly — especially in the military sphere. In the end, the President decided not to change horses in midstream and continued military-technical cooperation with the United States. “the” find out what hopes Uzbekistan in the Atlantic relationship and whether the Russian leadership to worry about this interaction.

Shavkat Mirziyoev directs Uzbekistan for about a year and a half. During this time he managed to carry out a thorough reform of the power unit. Updated the management of intelligence, was replaced by the chiefs General staff and military districts. About 70 senior officers dismissed or demoted. Their places are taken by new, young staff. No wonder the young military leaders enthusiastically took up the combat training of troops.

However, linking innovation and reform, the President did not destroy the Foundation of all that has been achieved by his predecessor Islam Karimov. On the contrary — he continued the previous policy in many ways. In particular, Mirzieev decided to continue to develop military-technical cooperation with the United States.

President approved the priority directions of development of foreign policy and foreign economic cooperation of Uzbekistan with its major foreign partners in the medium term. Among such areas in the presidential decree highlights military cooperation, and in this paragraph refers to the “importance of development of mutually beneficial cooperation” Uzbekistan and the United States.

For convoluted bureaucratic turnover of “mutually beneficial cooperation” implies the cooperation in the sphere of military education, technical training for the army proper and military-technical cooperation.

With the support of American specialists Mirziyoev the President expects to increase the fighting capacity of the army of the Republic. The nuances of future cooperation were not disclosed, but according to Uzbek political scientist Raphael Sattarova, now we know what we are talking about the training of special forces, the procurement of new types of ammunition for SWAT and parts of the border and equipping the army with new armoured personnel carriers. We also discuss the possibility of sending students from Uzbekistan in military educational institutions of the United States. The same practice has existed for several years, for example, in Kazakhstan. Kazakh students were trained in the West point is the oldest military Academy of the United States.

Military cooperation between Uzbekistan and the United States did not begin yesterday, but in the last five years it has acquired the character of a close interaction. In 2012, Uzbekistan visited the us delegation headed by Secretary of the Navy ray Mabus. The experts identified a list of necessary for the Uzbek armed forces. In the “list of Mabus” includes night vision devices, means of mine-clearing equipment to scan the area from the air, means of signals intelligence.

a Year later, Uzbekistan showed interest to the purchase of modern equipment and weapons. For example, mine detectors, body armor, equipment of satellite navigation, night vision devices, small arms, drones and even attack helicopters. And indeed, later us state Department acknowledged delivery of equipment and machinery, “not suitable for repression against the civilian population”.

In 2014, the United States began to export to Uzbekistan of the vehicles of class M-ATVs, as well as armored repair and recovery equipment to support them. For two years, Tashkent has received 308 armored vehicles and 20 repair machines for a total of about $ 150 million.

these armored vehicles deserve special attention because they are considered the breakthrough in its class. It’s not even heavy armor — build bulletproof protection is not tricky. Design feature of these cars — V-shaped armored bottom, which dissipates the energy from the explosion of a min. experience of recent military conflicts shows that more technology is destroyed just because of landmine and improvised explosive devices. But due to the V-shaped bottoms the survival of both the machine and the crew is increased significantly.

the Armored M-ATV worked well in Afghanistan, where the mining of roads was a common thing in a guerrilla war. In Russia at this time was the development of armored vehicles of this class. For example, “Typhoon” presented at the parade on the occasion of the Victory Day only in 2015. This technique is already supplied to the troops, but in 2014-2015 the Russian defense industry simply could not compete in Uzbekistan with the Americans. Moreover, transatlantic partners have started to stake the glade much in advance.

cooperation between the US and Uzbekistan began in the early 1990s on the background, to put it mildly, unstable situation in the neighbouring regions and the activation of Islamists throughout the middle East.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union the newly independent countries of Central Asia was one on one with their problems. The old hegemon, Russia, too, have experienced not the best times, and immersed in the solution of internal conflicts, is almost gone from the region. China is very active now, a quarter century ago clearly did not fit the role of a new major player. But the USA just won the cold war and, without wasting time in vain, has expanded the scope of its economic and political influence.

Uzbekistan’s internal problems was no less than their neighbors. The country was growing Islamist threat, the economy was going through a break-established economic ties, the people EN masse went to work, and all of it threatened sooner or later to provoke a political crisis. U.S. assistance at this stage proved to be very helpful. But if in 1990-e years the cooperation between the U.S. and Uzbekistan was purely economic, then in the beginning of the new century emerged interaction in the military sphere.

In 1999, Uzbekistan withdrew from the collective security Treaty, and the discussion about military cooperation with the United States became more substantive. In 2001, after the beginning of military operations in Afghanistan, Uzbekistan gave the us military the air force base in Khanabad near Karshi. It is “green berets” of the Fifth group special forces, light infantry 10th Mountain division, the “flying artillery battery” AC-130, F-15 and F-16. Only fifteen hundred American military.

In 2005, the base was temporarily shut down after the authorities harshly suppressed demonstrations in Andijan. Uzbekistan called it a fight against Islamists and the West have interpreted as reprisals against civilians. As a result of military-technical cooperation in Uzbekistan has stopped.

But not for long. Obama Administration in 2009, revised its approach to democracy and human rights in Uzbekistan. Across the country went to the flow of non-lethal cargo for American forces in Afghanistan. By 2013, 70 percent of all cargo for the U.S. contingent went through Uzbekistan.

the Conflict in Afghanistan is clearly far from completion. And if so, the US is still interested in continuing military-technical cooperation with Uzbekistan. The Americans in this mutually beneficial Alliance base and receive a guaranteed corridor for the movement of cargo to its troops in Afghanistan, and Uzbekistan — the best deals on retraining its military re-equipment of the army, which is still staffed mainly by Russian arms.

the System of training, weapons and tactics of its combat use are a single process. It is necessary to replace one element and under it starts to adapt to the other. Training troops the us military naturally leads to the use of American tactics in the use of weapons. As a result, notes military expert Alexander Khrolenko, are prerequisites for the Uzbek armed forces for weapons and USA standards.

in Addition to the already mentioned American armored vehicles on the arms market in competition with Russian models today make up Franco-German helicopters Airbus Helicopters, British Leyland DAF trucks and Land Rover SUVs, Spanish transport aircraft C-295W and Israeli drones.

Rafael Sattarov believes that to exclude Russia from the sphere of military-technical cooperation in the medium term is impossible, but a transition, albeit gradual, standards and weapons NATO sooner or later lead to a complete rejection of Russian weapons and equipment in favor of the American model. This is even more likely, given that Russian-Uzbek military cooperation today is very limited.

In October last year past the first 12 years of joint exercises of the armed forces of Russia and Uzbekistan. The total number of deployed military did not exceed 400 people. On the background of existing and potential threats from Afghanistan, this level of exercise is clearly insufficient. For comparison, in the Russian-Belarusian exercises “West-2017” took part more than 12 thousand military. This is especially strange because the Russian military have years of experience fighting terrorists in mountainous area in the Caucasus, the operation in Syria was given the opportunity to try out new weapons and tactics of their application in real combat conditions. This experience of the Uzbek army could learn from Russian colleagues.

Today, the military-technical cooperation of Uzbekistan with the United States and other Western countries is developing in the areas, where Moscow is technologically inferior to the American and European partners. However, the decision of Uzbekistan to continue military cooperation with the United States — a reason for Russia to reconsider its policy in Central Asia. Successes in Syria have demonstrated the effectiveness of the Russian military machine. However, when you save a passive position Russia is in danger if you do not lose that significantly weaken its influence on what is happening in the region.