Category Archives: USSR


Chief editor and owner of the Lithuanian newspaper Respublika, Vitas Tomkus published on the pages of his publications to the list of people who in Soviet times, allegedly secretly collaborated with the KGB. It was known in the Republic the names of public figures, artists, politicians. Including the President of the Republic. “” understood, can we trust this list and who needed now to light the fuse on this information bomb.

the Theme of informants, cooperating with the once all-powerful Soviet secret police, is for Lithuania one of the most painful. According to some, in the networks of the KGB since the mid-1940s to the early 1990s were more than 118 thousand Lithuanians. When Lithuania seceded from the Soviet Union these people were asked voluntarily to confess — promising instead that this information will not be made public. Then many came with their repentance to the state lustration Commission. At this step the state has gone in order to prevent the use of former agents of the Russian special services. They say that because the Russians won’t know who is admitted and who is not, they will be afraid to get in touch with all the Lithuanians who once collaborated with the KGB.

according to Tomkus by 2015, it became clear that the list of 1589 the former secret agents of the KGB were the names of people, quite a successful in modern Lithuania — they sit in the government and Parliament, occupy an important position in the business. In that year, the Sejm officially classify list for another seventy-five years — the bill was introduced by the then interior Minister Saulius Skordalia, who now heads the government and is considered one of the most likely candidates for presidency.

— Most politicians are horrified to refer to the disclosure of the names of the KGB, as it would mean a betrayal of the people who came to confess, — writes the journalist Egle Samarskite. — Hiding their data was confirmed not only in the act of 23 November 1999, but the statement of the Supreme Council of 27 March 1990, where it is said that those who confessed would not be subjected to moral, legal and other harassment by the authorities of the Republic of Lithuania. “The names that are in the list of secret informers, will never be officially confirmed, if you somehow will be made public”, — is spoken in the document.

However, in recent years in Lithuania are increasingly talking about the fact that this information should be made public. Moreover, the arguments in favor of this decision differ little from those in favor of classifying the list — like, if not to declassify the ex-informers, Russia will try to use any of them to your advantage. However, in September last year, the Sejm by a majority of votes refused to publish lists. Thus the press started to publish information about individuals allegedly involved in KGB — a very famous, but already deceased. So, the article on that theatre and film actor Donatas Banionis, who died in 2014, was allegedly recruited agents under the name Bronius, he published Zmonos, citing a national center for the research of genocide and resistance of Lithuanian residents. “According to data gleaned from the documents of the KGB, agent Bronius recruited in October 1970 in connection with his personal contacts with Lithuanians abroad”, — said center.

As wrote the edition, Banionis passed on to KGB data on the ethnic Lithuanians living in the United States. “In 1974 by Bronius agent of the intelligence network was removed due to the fact that in that year he was elected Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR” — written in the document. The son of actor, Director television and theatre Raimundas Banionis indignantly rejected the charges. “In 1970, father went to America, he told me that he had been summoned for a briefing on how to behave in this country. More from father I do on this account not heard. I do not know, do not understand what is happening here. Understand one thing, that it is necessary to collect suitcases and to run away from this country, as there is scary even to me,” says the son of Banionis.

By the way, Banionis himself in life, spoke candidly about his relationship with “the office”. In an interview with “Moskovsky Komsomolets” in 2009, artist told that on his return from abroad he had to write reports. “I don’t know, it’s recruitment, not recruitment. I wrote, met with someone who I saw. Of course, he lied, he got out, not to substitute good people. But still I had to do it, otherwise I would more abroad was not allowed, and I would not be able to work anywhere else. The KGB knew that I was lying, but they definitely needed to make to my case report”.

Former Minister of foreign Affairs of Lithuania Povilas Gylys called on the head of the Centre of genocide and resistance of Lithuanian residents Teresa Birute Bureyskaya admit that the KGB worked and the former head of the Supreme Council of state Vytautas Landsbergis. “Well, Mrs. Bureyskaya, it’s time to tell the truth, and Grandpa (nickname Landsbergis). If you start to clean up Lithuania, so clean the next,” said Gillis. In turn, member of European Parliament, former Chairman of the Lithuanian labor Party Valentinas Mazuronis said that the charge in cooperation with KGB needs only living people. “Do not sling mud at those who died who was not involved in the atrocities of the KGB, who can’t defend himself. Why are these questions not asked them when it was possible?” — asks Mazuronis. The Deputy also called for “answers” about living, about those who actively participate in the political life of Lithuania.

How in the Respublika editorial office was the listing agent, editor in chief of Tomkus silent. But when he published part of the document, there appeared the names of the current President of Lithuania Dalia Grybauskaite, the “father of Lithuanian independence” Vytautas Landsbergis, Prime Minister Saulius Skordalia, former Ministers of defense of Race Jukneviciene and the Juozas Olekas, former Prime Ministers Andrius Kubilius and Algirdas Butkevičius, as well as many other well-known politicians, big businessmen, prominent journalists and artists.

Interestingly, this list Tomkus made himself. However, thoughtful readers who bought the newspaper, immediately began to Express doubts. For example, in the list, among others, were listed Valdas Adamkus. But for anybody not a secret that the former President of Lithuania Adamkus, in his youth, including the part of one who fought on the side of the Germans the Lithuanian units, in the 44th managed to retreat to Germany after the war went to the USA, where he spent most of his life. When he was recruited to the KGB? However, the publication was provided by a remark that the list could be the namesake-the namesake of the former head of state.

tellingly, Tomkus refused to put a list in the Internet and anyone who wants to read it I had to buy a newspaper room for one Euro. The second part he has promised to publish in the next issue in early March. Many readers expressed doubts that the continuation will actually follow. Tomkus because, according to them, could be accused of harming state security and a criminal case — against himself and against the editorial and printing, decided to print a number. But the room still came out and attracted the attention of the names of famous artists. Have refused and the aforementioned Banionis with the founder and the principal conductor of the Hermitage orchestra “St. Petersburg Camerata” Saulius Sondeckis, and the famous Mstislav Rostropovich, once received the title of honorary citizen of Vilnius for the support of independence of Lithuania, and Opera singer Virgilijus noreika. By an unhappy coincidence noreika died on March 3, the day of publication.

there is No evidence of the authenticity of the published information Tomkus not provided. But I discovered a new oddity: the appearance in the “list of informers” people who could not cooperate with the Soviet authorities because of their age. So, in the publication was, for example, the names of the parliamentarians of the mantas of Adomenas and Agne Biotite — one born in 1972, and the second altogether in 1982, and graduated from high school in 2000. “Oh, God! Mixed lists. Instead of a list of KGB printed lists Soros —ironically Tomkus. — Ask pardon of his readers, but to remake the newspaper no time. On the other hand, almost hundred percent of fellows Soros is added to the list of persons who collaborated with the KGB, so with a clear conscience continue on.”

one way or another, but his publications he put the authorities in a dead end: if we now apply to Tomkus any repression, there will always be people who will say that this is “revenge for the truth.” In this situation, the government chose the tactics of silence. “Just in the newspaper Respublika with a terrible roar exploded a bomb — has published a list of the KGB. After the explosion — ringing silence. Still trying to get my bearings and decide how to respond,” notes Povilas Gylys.

He believes that from the point of view of public interest should be a discussion at the national level. “This is not an ordinary incident — it has affected many famous and influential people in Lithuania — says Gillis. — We should discuss to what extent this list is authentic, what could be the consequences of its publication, and so on. Commercial TV and radio can pull away. Public translator in any case… Because he should implement our public interest. Our right to know…”

representatives of the party “Union of Fatherland — Christian Democrats of Lithuania”, however, claim that Tomkus spreads fake news. “This is not fake news. This is the end, ball editor. — Can its “moral honor” to go to the courts. But something yet no one dared to cross their thresholds”. The question of why this publication remains open. Some perceive Tomkus as such, the hero’s single, decided to bring “the truth to the people.”

Others believe that it is an information operation by Russian security services — although Tomkus, he said, the same negative applies to both Dalia grybauskaitė and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin. Finally, there is a third view — that all that Lithuanian intra-elite showdown and the main blow is directed against Grybauskaite. Next year she will leave the presidential post, but, apparently, intends to continue an active life in the Lithuanian politics. It is possible that it heads the government. In such a situation suspected of having links with the KGB could appear with the filing of potential adversaries “steel Did.”

Sobchak landed on “the Peacemaker”

the Candidate in presidents of Russia Ksenia Sobchak registered in the database of “Peacemaker”. She is accused of violating the state border of Ukraine and illegal visit to the Crimea.

“Deliberate violation of the state border of Ukraine with purpose of penetration into the occupied Russian Crimea in April 2014. Manipulation of socially significant information with the aim of obtaining political dividends. In 2014 justified the Russian occupation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea”, — imputed to the candidate in presidents of Russia, the creators of the website.

Earlier, first Deputy Minister of information policy of Ukraine Emine dzhaparova said that Kiev may ban Sobchak entry to the territory of Ukraine for five years. Peninsula Sobchak visited in April of 2014.

Minister of foreign Affairs of Ukraine Pavlo Klimkin called the request Sobchak to give her permission to enter the Crimea “political schizophrenia”. However, he noted that “adhere to the Ukrainian legislation for entry to the occupied Crimea — it is positive”.

March 6, Sobchak told that appealed to the Ukrainian Embassy with the request to permit her visit to Crimea. “If I go to the Crimea, only through Ukrainian territory. I think that’s right”, she said.

In October 2017 the candidate in presidents of Russia suggested to be held at the Peninsula new referendum, stressing that from the point of view of international law it belongs to Ukraine.

The Chinese proposal

Ukrainian government expects to take a loan from China in the amount of seven billion dollars. On the background of complications of relations with Western financial institutions, China could become a useful alternative for those in the Ukraine crisis. “” understood that Ukraine expects to spend the money, if they would help the Ukrainian economy and what are the goals of China.

In February, the Deputy Minister of infrastructure of Ukraine Viktor Dovgan, speaking at the presentation of the exhibition project of the China International Import Expo, said that Ukraine hopes to sign with China a loan agreement for seven billion dollars.

a few days Later, his boss — the Minister of infrastructure Volodymyr Omelian — confirmed the fact of negotiations with China on attraction of borrowed funds. The official gave to understand that it has a very vague idea of what will be the funding arrangements: “whether loans or investments,” he suggested hesitantly.

the Ministry also issued a list of objects, the creation of which is planned to spend billions of Chinese. The list includes a railway line from Boryspil airport to Kyiv’s fourth subway line in Kyiv and concrete road Kremenchug — Odessa — Nikolaev. In addition, the Department reported the signing of contracts for $ 200 million for the construction of roads in Ukraine.

for anyone in Ukraine, these statements were not a novelty. Back in December, the Prime Ministers of the two countries, where agreement was reached on joint projects to all the same seven billion dollars. However, interestingly, then it was just on joint investments, not about loans.

For Ukraine, the development of financial relations with China is the way. Just a month ago the world Bank (WB) and international monetary Fund (IMF) have put forward the Ukrainian leadership a number of political and economic requirements as a condition of receiving additional financial aid: creating an anti-corruption court, the increase in prices for gas for the population and privatization of agricultural land. To meet these requirements in the near future Ukraine is unlikely — it is enough to recall the fate of the bill on the anti-corruption court, which rested in the bowels of the Verkhovna Rada.

China, in contrast, is not interested in political processes and discusses financial and economic issues. Moreover, the Chinese comrades are willing to invest in Ukraine, despite her bad credit history. From this we can assume that China in relation to Ukraine has long-term plans.

According to Deputy Dean of the faculty of world economy and international Affairs Higher school of Economics Andrei Suzdaltsev, China is interesting agro-industrial complex and transit to Europe, the consequence could be the creation on the territory of Ukraine Assembly plants.

the Ukrainian political analyst Volodymyr Will in the list of Chinese priorities also raises the use of the transport possibilities and the agricultural sector of Ukraine. In addition, according to experts, China is interesting investments in industrial enterprises, energy and the financial sectors.

Investment in the above sectors, oddly enough, favored by the status of Ukraine as a “gray zone”. The competition here is minimal. On the one hand, for obvious reasons, extremely limited the ability of Russian business — Western business does not consider Ukraine a good place for investment because of the complicated political and social situation.

it is Possible to assume, however, that cooperation with China is not very profitable for Ukraine. For corrupt officials, will to develop loans and investments, the benefit, of course, will be. As for a more global effect for the General population — it is not worth waiting. There are several reasons.

In 2013, Ukraine was agreed to receive $ 3.6 billion loan from China. The loan was issued under the supply of grain to China, as well as the purchase in China of agricultural machinery and fertilizers. For implementation of credit obligations on the part of Ukraine meet the State food and grain Corporation of Ukraine (SFGCU).

However, of the 19 items of the contract Ukraine has fulfilled only one. The first tranche of $ 1.5 billion just disappeared. Credit disputes came to court in London. According to recent data, between Ukraine and China signed an agreement on the settlement of the dispute.

Only subsided disputes with the Chinese on agricultural credit, as in 2016, a new problem appeared. The state development Bank of China granted Ukraine another line of credit — $ 3.6 billion for energy development.

However, the Ministry of energy, regional development, the coal industry and the company “Naftogaz” is so fond of disputes about the powers-that simply could not agree on project needs and missed the submission deadline for the Chinese loan.

as a result of the construction and modernization of thermal power plants, purchase of equipment for drilling and coal mining and other work was delayed due to unproductive competition agencies and the incompetence of their leadership. This, by the way, another argument in favor of the fact that Chinese lenders and investors is good to think about the safety and effectiveness of future investments.

as for another Chinese loan, the list of objects which are supposed to invest in itself raises suspicion.

the Construction of the fourth metro line in Kiev (the so-called “subway to troieschyna” — in a residential district of Kiev) to Kiev has become a byword. Its construction was planned in the Soviet Union. Once again the discussion was back in 2007 — then the mayor of the Ukrainian capital has estimated the cost of a new branch in one billion dollars. Further conversations business did not go again.

the idea of a subway to troieschyna was returning in 2013 and 2015, with similar results. And here at the end of 2017, the mayor of Kiev Vitali Klitschko has signed a Memorandum of cooperation with Chinese companies in building a long-awaited branch. The price of the project in ten years has increased twice — up to two billion dollars.

Critics have pointed out that actually this is only a Declaration of intent. It was noted that the implementation of the project interfere with the unfinished bridge across the Dnieper, the private sector, where it is planned to put a metro line, and so on.

the Experts also called credit conditions of the Chinese people impossible for the city budget. The fact that to complete the transaction and receive money from the Chinese the city must obtain a state guarantee from the government. In the words of Advisor to the Minister of infrastructure of Ukraine Alexander Kava, the state will not do it. A municipal guarantee of from Kiev impossible because of the unsatisfactory credit rating of the city.

a Similar story with the involvement of Chinese loans for the construction of the railway from Boryspil airport to Kiev. For the first time the government of Ukraine decided to build it in 2010. Then it was planned that the road will be ready by 2013. And just in 2013 it began to build.

adds Piquancy to the fact that the construction also took place on Chinese credit is still under Viktor Yanukovych reached an agreement on the allocation of 372 million dollars for the construction of the road.

Since then four years have passed. The effectiveness of spending said in an interview with the Deputy Minister of infrastructure Victor Dougan the end of 2017. According to him, the construction site was spent, but rather “mastered” $ 50 million, but the project has not moved forward and was stopped.

the Implementation of the project prevents its questionable effectiveness. In 2017, the passenger traffic of the airport Boryspil was a little more than 10 million people. According to General Director of Boryspil, the feasibility of building a railroad between the city and the airport appears only in the stability of the passenger traffic of 12 million people. And the adviser of the Minister of infrastructure Alexander Cava, minimal ridership, where it is expedient to build a railroad is 15 million people a year. To these indicators, the airport is still very far away.

All this casts doubt that the project will be implemented. The lack of progress for four years, embezzlement of 50 million dollars and the payback is not obvious, it leaves open the question of whether the allocation of a new Chinese loan to Ukraine for this purpose.

the Most probable of all Chinese projects in Ukraine sees the new road Kremenchug — Odessa — Nikolaev. This road connects the agricultural and industrial centre and the South of Ukraine with its main port. The development of infrastructure in the region is to promote exports of agricultural and industrial products from Ukraine.

Ukrainian roads are among the worst in Europe. According to the Minister of infrastructure of Ukraine Volodymyr Omelyan, 90 percent of Ukraine’s roads “were killed in the trash.” Last year for repairs allocated about $ 1.4 billion. In these circumstances, the emergence of the Chinese money would be very helpful.

the Problem is that from the project will benefit a lot more Chinese than Ukrainians. According to the Executive Director of the Bleyzer Foundation Oleg Ustenko, the loan for an infrastructure project is very dangerous in the conditions of shortage of financial resources. Payback is quite long, and you need to pay immediately. The effect of the implementation of the project may be opposite of what was intended. Ukraine’s economy will spend more on credit than to benefit from the construction of the road.

All of the above casts doubt on the usefulness of Chinese money for the Ukrainian economy. The Ukrainian government has shown itself to be negligent, incompetent, and corrupt. His ability to implement infrastructure projects with China raises serious doubts. For these reasons, we can hardly expect that the Ukrainian-Chinese cooperation will go beyond declarations and statements.

In Belarus executed the murderer of his own children

Belarus was given the death sentence against a resident of the city of Mozyr Cossack Cyril, convicted of the murder of his two children. This human rights organization “Spring” announced mother kozachka.

According to her, the groom was shot at the end of October 2017. In February 2018, the BelaPAN news Agency, citing data from human rights defenders reported that the man is alive and is awaiting sentence.

In January 2016, the groom killed his two children — 17-year-old son and 9-year-old daughter, then tried to commit suicide, but survived. The concentration of alcohol in the blood of the murderers was 2.36 ppm. In December 2016, the groom was found guilty of a crime and sentenced to capital punishment.

Ukraine stated about schizophrenia asking to go to the Crimea Sobchak

Minister of foreign Affairs of Ukraine Pavlo Klimkin called the request of the candidate in presidents of Russia Ksenia Sobchak to give her permission to enter the Crimea “political schizophrenia”. He said this in his microblog on Twitter.

“Me all about Sobchak and occupied Crimea asked, as if the other is not. Stick to the Ukrainian legislation for entry to the occupied Crimea — it is certainly a positive. But lawful entry for doing illegitimate campaign for the illegitimate elections in the occupied territories is, of course, political schizophrenia,” wrote Klimkin.

Previously Sobchak told that appealed to the Ukrainian Embassy with the request to permit her visit to Crimea. “If I go to the Crimea, only through Ukrainian territory. I think that’s right”, she said.

At the same time, as reported by UNIAN, the Ukrainian high-ranking diplomat in the Embassy of Ukraine in Moscow references from the candidate was received. “No, we are no letters or calls from Sobchak not received”, — said the Agency interlocutor.

Previously Sobchak refused to campaign in the Crimea. It also suggested to be held at the Peninsula new referendum, stressing that from the point of view of international law it belongs to Ukraine.