Chief editor and owner of the Lithuanian newspaper Respublika, Vitas Tomkus published on the pages of his publications to the list of people who in Soviet times, allegedly secretly collaborated with the KGB. It was known in the Republic the names of public figures, artists, politicians. Including the President of the Republic. “Ribbon.ru” understood, can we trust this list and who needed now to light the fuse on this information bomb.
the Theme of informants, cooperating with the once all-powerful Soviet secret police, is for Lithuania one of the most painful. According to some, in the networks of the KGB since the mid-1940s to the early 1990s were more than 118 thousand Lithuanians. When Lithuania seceded from the Soviet Union these people were asked voluntarily to confess — promising instead that this information will not be made public. Then many came with their repentance to the state lustration Commission. At this step the state has gone in order to prevent the use of former agents of the Russian special services. They say that because the Russians won’t know who is admitted and who is not, they will be afraid to get in touch with all the Lithuanians who once collaborated with the KGB.
according to Tomkus by 2015, it became clear that the list of 1589 the former secret agents of the KGB were the names of people, quite a successful in modern Lithuania — they sit in the government and Parliament, occupy an important position in the business. In that year, the Sejm officially classify list for another seventy-five years — the bill was introduced by the then interior Minister Saulius Skordalia, who now heads the government and is considered one of the most likely candidates for presidency.
— Most politicians are horrified to refer to the disclosure of the names of the KGB, as it would mean a betrayal of the people who came to confess, — writes the journalist Egle Samarskite. — Hiding their data was confirmed not only in the act of 23 November 1999, but the statement of the Supreme Council of 27 March 1990, where it is said that those who confessed would not be subjected to moral, legal and other harassment by the authorities of the Republic of Lithuania. “The names that are in the list of secret informers, will never be officially confirmed, if you somehow will be made public”, — is spoken in the document.
However, in recent years in Lithuania are increasingly talking about the fact that this information should be made public. Moreover, the arguments in favor of this decision differ little from those in favor of classifying the list — like, if not to declassify the ex-informers, Russia will try to use any of them to your advantage. However, in September last year, the Sejm by a majority of votes refused to publish lists. Thus the press started to publish information about individuals allegedly involved in KGB — a very famous, but already deceased. So, the article on that theatre and film actor Donatas Banionis, who died in 2014, was allegedly recruited agents under the name Bronius, he published Zmonos, citing a national center for the research of genocide and resistance of Lithuanian residents. “According to data gleaned from the documents of the KGB, agent Bronius recruited in October 1970 in connection with his personal contacts with Lithuanians abroad”, — said center.
As wrote the edition, Banionis passed on to KGB data on the ethnic Lithuanians living in the United States. “In 1974 by Bronius agent of the intelligence network was removed due to the fact that in that year he was elected Deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Lithuanian SSR” — written in the document. The son of actor, Director television and theatre Raimundas Banionis indignantly rejected the charges. “In 1970, father went to America, he told me that he had been summoned for a briefing on how to behave in this country. More from father I do on this account not heard. I do not know, do not understand what is happening here. Understand one thing, that it is necessary to collect suitcases and to run away from this country, as there is scary even to me,” says the son of Banionis.
By the way, Banionis himself in life, spoke candidly about his relationship with “the office”. In an interview with “Moskovsky Komsomolets” in 2009, artist told that on his return from abroad he had to write reports. “I don’t know, it’s recruitment, not recruitment. I wrote, met with someone who I saw. Of course, he lied, he got out, not to substitute good people. But still I had to do it, otherwise I would more abroad was not allowed, and I would not be able to work anywhere else. The KGB knew that I was lying, but they definitely needed to make to my case report”.
Former Minister of foreign Affairs of Lithuania Povilas Gylys called on the head of the Centre of genocide and resistance of Lithuanian residents Teresa Birute Bureyskaya admit that the KGB worked and the former head of the Supreme Council of state Vytautas Landsbergis. “Well, Mrs. Bureyskaya, it’s time to tell the truth, and Grandpa (nickname Landsbergis). If you start to clean up Lithuania, so clean the next,” said Gillis. In turn, member of European Parliament, former Chairman of the Lithuanian labor Party Valentinas Mazuronis said that the charge in cooperation with KGB needs only living people. “Do not sling mud at those who died who was not involved in the atrocities of the KGB, who can’t defend himself. Why are these questions not asked them when it was possible?” — asks Mazuronis. The Deputy also called for “answers” about living, about those who actively participate in the political life of Lithuania.
How in the Respublika editorial office was the listing agent, editor in chief of Tomkus silent. But when he published part of the document, there appeared the names of the current President of Lithuania Dalia Grybauskaite, the “father of Lithuanian independence” Vytautas Landsbergis, Prime Minister Saulius Skordalia, former Ministers of defense of Race Jukneviciene and the Juozas Olekas, former Prime Ministers Andrius Kubilius and Algirdas Butkevičius, as well as many other well-known politicians, big businessmen, prominent journalists and artists.
Interestingly, this list Tomkus made himself. However, thoughtful readers who bought the newspaper, immediately began to Express doubts. For example, in the list, among others, were listed Valdas Adamkus. But for anybody not a secret that the former President of Lithuania Adamkus, in his youth, including the part of one who fought on the side of the Germans the Lithuanian units, in the 44th managed to retreat to Germany after the war went to the USA, where he spent most of his life. When he was recruited to the KGB? However, the publication was provided by a remark that the list could be the namesake-the namesake of the former head of state.
tellingly, Tomkus refused to put a list in the Internet and anyone who wants to read it I had to buy a newspaper room for one Euro. The second part he has promised to publish in the next issue in early March. Many readers expressed doubts that the continuation will actually follow. Tomkus because, according to them, could be accused of harming state security and a criminal case — against himself and against the editorial and printing, decided to print a number. But the room still came out and attracted the attention of the names of famous artists. Have refused and the aforementioned Banionis with the founder and the principal conductor of the Hermitage orchestra “St. Petersburg Camerata” Saulius Sondeckis, and the famous Mstislav Rostropovich, once received the title of honorary citizen of Vilnius for the support of independence of Lithuania, and Opera singer Virgilijus noreika. By an unhappy coincidence noreika died on March 3, the day of publication.
there is No evidence of the authenticity of the published information Tomkus not provided. But I discovered a new oddity: the appearance in the “list of informers” people who could not cooperate with the Soviet authorities because of their age. So, in the publication was, for example, the names of the parliamentarians of the mantas of Adomenas and Agne Biotite — one born in 1972, and the second altogether in 1982, and graduated from high school in 2000. “Oh, God! Mixed lists. Instead of a list of KGB printed lists Soros —ironically Tomkus. — Ask pardon of his readers, but to remake the newspaper no time. On the other hand, almost hundred percent of fellows Soros is added to the list of persons who collaborated with the KGB, so with a clear conscience continue on.”
one way or another, but his publications he put the authorities in a dead end: if we now apply to Tomkus any repression, there will always be people who will say that this is “revenge for the truth.” In this situation, the government chose the tactics of silence. “Just in the newspaper Respublika with a terrible roar exploded a bomb — has published a list of the KGB. After the explosion — ringing silence. Still trying to get my bearings and decide how to respond,” notes Povilas Gylys.
He believes that from the point of view of public interest should be a discussion at the national level. “This is not an ordinary incident — it has affected many famous and influential people in Lithuania — says Gillis. — We should discuss to what extent this list is authentic, what could be the consequences of its publication, and so on. Commercial TV and radio can pull away. Public translator in any case… Because he should implement our public interest. Our right to know…”
representatives of the party “Union of Fatherland — Christian Democrats of Lithuania”, however, claim that Tomkus spreads fake news. “This is not fake news. This is the end, ball editor. — Can its “moral honor” to go to the courts. But something yet no one dared to cross their thresholds”. The question of why this publication remains open. Some perceive Tomkus as such, the hero’s single, decided to bring “the truth to the people.”
Others believe that it is an information operation by Russian security services — although Tomkus, he said, the same negative applies to both Dalia grybauskaitė and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin. Finally, there is a third view — that all that Lithuanian intra-elite showdown and the main blow is directed against Grybauskaite. Next year she will leave the presidential post, but, apparently, intends to continue an active life in the Lithuanian politics. It is possible that it heads the government. In such a situation suspected of having links with the KGB could appear with the filing of potential adversaries “steel Did.”