Trap evolution

Why women fall for gay and effeminate men? How to build a great marriage without love? When politics interfere with science and what scientists call each other racists? What current technologies promise to improve human life, and erase it from the face of the Earth? Why humanity can’t trust his memory and to rely on your plans for the future? The most interesting non-fiction books Jul read browser “the Tape.ru” Natalia Kochetkova.

Carol Dijous “man in the dream. As mass culture has created an image of the ideal man” (translated by A. Culm, publishing house “Alpina publisher”)

Stephen king is a witty phrase that “Twilight” and similar works — “really not about vampires and werewolves. They’re about how the love of a girl makes a good bad guy.” It is the variability of women’s preferences, fluctuations from a white knight to bully out of the gate and became the subject of research Carol Dalhaus in the book “dream Man”. The author is interested in how in the last hundred years have varied models of romantic stories and how these patterns influenced the representation of women on the desired qualities of men. Who needs romance novels and what they give to those who writes them and who reads them (spoiler alert: the author and recipient of these texts act about the same). Where did the idols of romantic literature — Mr. Darcy, Mr. Rochester, Heathcliff, Rhett Butler. Why many successful heroes of the past — Montgomery Clift, Rock Hudson, Dirk bogarde and Richard Chamberlain — even though he was gay, served for women the epitome of masculinity. Why are the rulers of women’s hearts often become rude broad-shouldered men with a strong chin, which usually rank as alpha male, and melancholic arty girlish facial features? Carol Dalhaus wrote a cultural history of women’s loves and attempted to perform what social and psychological reasons, they were motivated by. The author’s conclusions are at least curious.

Michael Bennet, Sara Bennet, “Fuck love! Guide rational choice of a partner” (translated by E. Bakusheva, publishing house “Alpina publisher”)

After a relaxing read of “Men of dream” this book produces the effect of an icy shower. Especially when you consider that her original name is tougher hooligan Russian translation: “F*CK LOVE”. According to psychologist Michael Bennett and his daughter, the writer Sarah Bennett, love is a wonderful feeling, but to rely on him, conceiving such a venture as marriage, not worth it. Because after the honeymoon is still someone have to buy products to take out the trash and count the money until your next paycheck. Relationship with those in the previous book was called “men of dream”, the authors consider a great misfortune, and literally on the fingers explains to readers how not to plunge to lover (heroine) of dime novels. Love them promises a lot of emotional fuss and little practical sense. But the opposite extreme is not a marriage of convenience. The main advice of the psychologist is not to completely avoid of love, and how to properly dispose of it. And then there’s a chance at least not to ruin your life, and perhaps even find real happiness. For this you need some time to drive love away, to put aside the mind, charm and charisma of the beloved and, using the techniques of headhunting and business recruiting, take a look at the second half as a partner for General business. If lover/traveler passes the checks, then, according to the authors, it is possible to think about expanding the business: children and the purchase of real estate.

Nicholas Wade, “an Inconvenient legacy. Genes, race and human history” (translated by A. Olefir, publishing house “Alpina non-fiction”)

Labor science journalist Nicholas Wade is in the conflict to the point where science and politics. Until recently, such as Wade, was called “scientific racists”. After the historic events of the first half of the twentieth century — particularly after the Holocaust, the biological community has come to refer to the theories about the division of humanity into races with great caution. In any case, the word “race” became taboo. This movement was ardent supporters. In particular, the geographer Jared diamond, author of “Guns, germs and steel” (translated in Russian in 2010) spoke in the spirit that “only those who are able to assume the Earth is flat, believe that the human race exist.” Other scientists were less categorical, but hasten to emphasize that race though, but this fact does not means too much. “To write a book I spodvig the amount of information about recent human evolution, which appeared during the research of the genome,” explains Wade. And he adds: “the Story develops in the framework of human evolution. These two subjects are studied separately, as if human evolution stopped. But the evolution is not interrupted. Recent genomic studies suggest that human evolution and history is interconnected, perhaps, not too crowded, but enough to recognize at least some role of genetics in shaping the modern world.” And his purpose, the author sets to show how it is possible to describe the evolutionary differences between human populations without racism or notions of supremacy of one race over others. And he has successfully obtained, it is not go about the fundamental differences between Chinese society, European and tribal African. These differences Wade explains that “social institutions — a mixture of genetics and traditions. Every important institution based on behavior, influenced by genetics, but how to manifest this behavior, define customs and traditions”. Here, the label “scientific racist” is starting to loom somewhere on the periphery of the reader’s consciousness.

Kelly Wiersma, Zach, Wintersmith “In the foreseeable future. Ten new technologies that will improve or destroy everything in the world” (translation D. Prokofiev, publishing house “Kolibri”)

Speculation about how the world will be in 30-50 years, do not lose popularity, despite its mass. All I wonder whether humanity is in reality the heroes of “Back to the future” or “Terminator” and as soon as that happens. The authors of “the Foreseeable future” (meaning the accent in this phrase is proposed to make the word “foreseeable”) identified ten topics that, in their opinion, relevant to the stage of development of science and technology, which are now out humanity. This dozen: cheap space travel, commercial development of asteroids, thermonuclear synthesis, programmable matter, a robotic construction, augmented reality, synthetic biology, precision medicine, bioprinting, brain-computer interfaces. In each case biologists describe Inermity that we have at the moment, what are the benefits we expect from the development of this region and why do people cover it if something goes wrong or the technology will be in the hands of the villain (Hello numerous films-catastrophes). Well, let’s say, synthetic organisms all good: a cancer they can cure, and genetic disease, and viral, and fuel to produce in unlimited quantities, and even to re-create dinosaurs. All this is fine, as long as these guys are sitting in test tubes. Now imagine what would happen if they fall into a larger world. But they still mutate! However, there is always hope that humanity invented something, not figure out how to use it. For example, the ancient Greeks were able to create a complex system of gears, but never created. But in ancient Alexandria there was a primitive steam engines, but never were locomotives. So maybe mankind cloning dinosaurs still have some time to spare.

Elizabeth Loftus, Katherine ketch the “Witness protection: Shocking evidence of the vulnerability of our memories” (translated by A. Satunin, publishing house “Kolibri”)

Three old ladies went to visit his friend for tea. On the way home talking. One says: “Yeah, well we Masha sat, drank some tea”. Second: “Yes, she’s only tea we did not drink”. Third: “And we did she had?” Even if not to take extreme cases of senile sclerosis of the anecdote, the human memory is an unreliable source of information, says an influential American Professor of psychology Elizabeth Loftus. She acted as expert in court proceedings, focuses on the analysis of murder, robbery, rape, kidnapping and child molestation. Often it turned out that the killing happened in self-defense, rapist and kidnapper was adopted (and identified victims) another person, a pedophile — just a victim of violent children’s imagination and maternal hysteria. As it turns out, not because the victims or the Prosecutor with malicious intent trying to put behind bars an innocent man. It’s just the way human memory. It is not like a video camera and often captures the sound and the image is distorted and fragmented. How — and tells Elizabeth Loftus, based on real and illustrative examples of court cases in which she had to act as an expert witness. The names of the characters, of course, changed.

Tali Sharot “So full or empty? Why we are all incorrigible optimists” (translation by A. A. Stroganova, publishing house “Kolibri”)

when venerable psychologist Elizabeth Loftus says that you cannot 100% trust human memory, it is no less a distinguished neuroscientist Tali Sharot believes that the current perception of the world, and especially the design of the future — is also worthless. In the sense that the human brain is by nature optimistic and always believes that the media is waiting for a high salary, professional realization, wonderful family, a long healthy life and painless death. Unemployment, divorce, debt, Alzheimer’s and other troubles not included in the plans of human consciousness. Moreover, experiments show that the attraction to the pink glasses man pursues throughout life. To be optimistic about the future tend children, young people, Mature and even 80-year-old men, although it would seem… Scientists have come to the conclusion that optimism is important for the survival of the human race, but because literally sewn into the lining. On the one hand, it’s not entirely rational, because the overly positive view of the future and the inability to assess the risks may lead to disastrous results. On the other hand, the optimistic view of the world eases pain, reduces stress, improves physical and mental health. So to be optimistic is still better than a pessimist. Especially if you remember that pessimists are more often right.