Russia, the United States and China are preparing for the third world war.
The military expenditures of large countries, primarily the US, China and Russia, continue to grow. A lot of budgetary funds goes to the development of new types of weapons. Recently, the United States has openly stated that they view space as a space for war. States are invested in drones and hypersonic technologies. It is precisely such weapons that can become the main weapon in the third world war, if it does begin. “Lenta.ru” tells about the weapons of the future.
On Earth and in space
The placement of weapons in outer space provides virtually limitless possibilities for destroying the enemy. Although the construction of missile bases on the Moon or the delivery of an asteroid to the near-earth orbit and its discharge onto the target today looks fantastic, there are already technologies that allow space to be used for warfare.
Extremely promising is the withdrawal to near-Earth orbit of a ship with electromagnetic weapons (EMR). The electromagnetic impulse is capable of paralyzing the electrical networks and control, monitoring, communication, collection and computer processing of information, surveillance and reconnaissance of the enemy C4ISR (Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance).
A missile with EMP, launched from near-earth orbit, is much more difficult to intercept. Today, the United States, China, Russia, India, Japan and the EU countries are able to bring such weapons into space. Especially effective EMR can be when applied against “rogue countries” (Iran and North Korea), which in fact have nothing to answer.
No less promising is the placement of weapons of directed energy (laser weapons) on satellites to intercept ballistic missiles almost immediately after the launch. At present, in fact, the only space weapons can be considered the maneuvering apparatus that the United States, China and Russia are experiencing, as well as numerous observation satellites.
Hypersonic cruise missiles
A feature of cruise missiles is their ability to maneuver. This allows you to evade the enemy’s antimissiles and extremely accurately hit the target. The main advantage of hypersonic missiles is their speed, which exceeds five Mach numbers (more than six thousand kilometers per hour). It is extremely difficult to intercept such missiles. Hypersonic cruise missiles open up huge opportunities for the military. Such a missile is capable in less than an hour to hit any target on the planet.
This served as the basis for the American concept of an instant global strike by PGS (Prompt Global Strike), developed since 2001. The military focused on the X-51A Waverider product, which develops speeds of seven to eight Mach numbers, with a flight range of about two thousand kilometers and a height of up to thirty kilometers. It is planned to launch missiles from strategic aviation aircraft, demonstration weapons should be manufactured in 2020.
In Russia, they are also working on a hypersonic cruise missile. On the first tests of the “Zirkons” was reported on March 17, 2016. In addition, projects in this area are being implemented in China and India.
The most important event in the defense industry over the past decade is the emergence of UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles). With the improvement of technology, drones take on more and more functions. It is possible that drones will completely displace manned aircraft in most combat missions.
While the vast majority of UAVs need a person – it is primarily about remote control and monitoring of the device. Moreover, key decisions regarding the liquidation of the goal are not accepted at all now without the participation of a person.
For example, the search for a target and the launch of an American air-to-surface missile with laser or radar guidance of the AGM-114 Hellfire, installed since 2007 on the MQ-1 Predator drones, requires human participation. However, the UAVs will soon become completely autonomous.
This is due to the progress in the development of artificial intelligence (AI). Such systems will be able to make decisions on their own, including life and death. This is what scientist Stephen Hawking and businessman Ilon Mask, who regularly remind of the danger of uncontrolled development of AI, mean.
Autonomous UAVs, endowed with the most advanced AI, will be able to work for a long time, and in case of need, instantly make a decision. A conflict party with such a weapon will have a key advantage over the other participants in the hostilities. This is well understood in the US, China, EU countries and Russia.
“Artificial intelligence is the future not only of Russia, it is the future of all mankind. There are colossal opportunities and threats that are difficult to forecast today, “Russian President Vladimir Putin said on September 1, 2017 at the Projector Forum. In his opinion, “the one who will become the leader in this sphere will be the ruler of the world”.
Perspective types of new weapons include invisible aircraft using stealth technology, railguns that disperse a projectile by an electromagnetic field, and kinetic weapons operating from outer space. Nuclear weapons, too, will not lose relevance, remaining the last argument in the war of the future, but large and expensive military submarines are likely to lose much of their significance. They are all easier to detect with the help of groups of small and inexpensive drone.
The ability to develop new weapons means a lot about the state. In October 2017, the president of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Alexander Sergeyev, in fact recognized that modern domestic science has nothing to offer to the military. “We will not have a fundamental science, it will be a big trouble, because in many areas – military and other – the scientific and technical backlog is exhausted. It can be restored only by fundamental science, “the scientist emphasized during a meeting with members of the Federation Council.
The academician voiced the long-known truth: without the support of fundamental science, the potential of applied research is limited in time and ultimately exhausted, as a result of which the country falls into technological dependence on other states. “If we do not have the results of fundamental science, then our production and applied science will have to purchase the results of fundamental research abroad. And there, excuse me, they will not sell at all modern. Modern need yourself. Sell what came out of need” – believes Sergeev.