In late March, Russian investigators announced in the international search of Prancer Evgeniy Volnov, which spread rumors about the 300 killed in the fire in the shopping centre, “Winter cherry” in Kemerovo. Volnov still residing in Ukraine for political reasons to give him no one is going. However, the case of prankster — the exception rather the rule in the last five years, Russia has returned 270 criminals who escaped from justice abroad. Reporter “the Tape.ru” Igor Nadezhdin found out today as arranged in the Federal and international wanted list of criminals and how many chances fugitives outside the law to escape punishment in the distant countries.
In recent years, the approach to search for suspects in Russia has seriously changed. Previously, the main source of information on those who are hiding from justice, for the police had their own agents. However, since the early 90-ies of the search for the fugitives is increasingly conducted by technical means.
— in the Beginning there was the computer ticketing system for the trains (“Express”) and planes (“Siren”) — says, “the Tape.ru” Ivan the Doctors, the employee of the specialized unit to search for suspects and defendants. — They began to make the data wanted. As soon as one buys a ticket, this information is immediately fed to the initiator of search — and when boarding the train or the plane of the person detained. Later it was possible to digitize the fingerprint card with prints of all fingers on both hands. Today created DNA databases is the following word in the search.
in Addition, a huge role in the work of the operatives play a check on cell phone numbers, profiles in social networks, and search through the known MAC addresses of computers.
— 20 years ago operating information mattered more than 80 percent of cases investigation Department — said the Colonel Doctors. The lion’s share of the work took the observation of possible locations for the emergence of wanted: the apartments of friends and lovers, favorite restaurants and hot spots. Now this job takes only 5 to 10 percent, and the rest — business equipment.
Today the search is a hybrid of both systems, operational and technical. Live example that history Vyacheslav Prusenkova, a member of a daring gang of St. Petersburg. He managed to escape from the city and almost six years did not come to the attention of the police. Poroshenko was very close: he went on the train in Leningrad oblast and enlisted in mesogobius gang. Figured it out only when trying to call my son to congratulate him age. Experts managed to fix the place of entry into the network of the phone that called Parshenkov, and then the search was already on the ground.
One of the most promising developments in the search — automatic facial recognition, recorded by CCTV cameras. So, on may 20 on the sidelines of St. Petersburg economic forum, Deputy Chairman of the Sberbank of Russia Stanislav Kuznetsov reported that developed on Bank money recognition system allowed for a month to hold 42 people, are wanted. And that’s just on those four metro stations where it was installed.
interestingly, back in 2012 a similar system was already running on the railway stations of Moscow. However, at that time, the number of errors on her two times higher than the correct answers, but because the “arms” and was not accepted. The developers of the new system and announce its 30-percent fallacy — that is, every third person whose photo is in the databases of search, walks past the cameras unnoticed. However, this figure raises serious doubts among experts. For example, all people identified with the new system, the bases of investigation were fresh reference photos. In practice this is rare.
the System of tracing of the savings Bank is developed primarily for the needs of the Bank, to search for debtors, for example, — says Ivan Doctors. — However, there is a chance that it will be installed in the municipal surveillance systems. It is clear that outside Moscow and St-Petersburg ring road, the results would be negligible, but in Moscow and Petersburg this can be a good tool for law enforcement. Of course, subject to its reasonable prices.
the Former Soviet Republic and Russia have concluded a contract of wanted criminals. In this regard, the cooperation continues even with Ukraine, despite the difficult relations between the two countries. And let to escape in the Square for those who wanted, still not very difficult, high chance of issuance of the criminals of the Russian law enforcement agencies.
So, from 2014 to 2018 from Ukraine to Russia were deported under escort of more than 50 people, but more than a hundred. Of course, not all are wanted on both sides: Viktor Yanukovych are still living in Russia, Sergei Shoigu is a post of the Minister of defense, and Arsen Avakov, Igor Kolomoisky and Dmitry Yarosh safely live in their mansions in the Square. But these exceptions do not apply to murderers and rapists whose guilt is not in doubt, none of the parties that the policy here is misplaced.
abroad are fleeing not necessarily very rich people: it is enough to have a close relative in another country who is willing to shelter you, — says the Lieutenant Colonel of justice Elena Lukina, the investigator for particularly important cases. But if the crime the fugitive is not political, but the evidence of his guilt of iron, the extradition in the end will take place in any weather. The only exception is UK: in recent years, Albion has not been issued to any person.
Indeed, the UK is almost always refuses Russia in the return of the criminals — and this applies not only to Boris Berezovsky. According to Russian experts, the reason is the policy of the government of the United Kingdom. However, English lawyers argue that the foundations of law in two different countries, and evaluation of evidence, and so all a matter of legal niceties.
meanwhile, the evidence against some of the fugitives to the UK quite meet the standards of English justice. This applies, for example, to the General Director “Severstal management” Vadim Larin, organized a system of bribes in the mines of Vorkuta in such a way that killing 36 miners. However a top-the Manager continues to live near London and feels completely safe.
Synonym of international tracing — Interpol, created in 1913, the international criminal police organization. Its objectives from the beginning was considered the fight against General and terrorist crime and search of criminals crossing the border. However, the work of Interpol strongly inhibited First, and then the Second world war; in full force, the system started to operate in 1953. The USSR was admitted to Interpol on 27 September 1990.
Contrary to popular belief, Interpol officers do not run around with guns and do not participate in chases and gunfights. They coordinate the investigation as those who had fled from Russia to other countries and those who are hiding from law enforcement in Russia. Detectives on an international scale can in real time to obtain such data on the fugitives as of their passports, photos, dictionary, DNA data and information about criminal activity sought, as well as information about their intended whereabouts and contacts.
the structure of the police service of each state that is a member of Interpol, to create a national Central Bureau (NCB) — strongholds of the international investigation. CS are in constant contact with law enforcement, judicial, border and customs authorities of their country, as well as with the bureaux of other countries and the Interpol General Secretariat.
Over the past five years, with the assistance of Interpol of the MIA of Russia abroad was set to 575 persons wanted by Russian law enforcement agencies. 516 of them were detained, 270 — issued and deported to Russia. At the same time most distinguished for three countries: Germany, Spain and Poland. Only at the end of 2017 Russia through Interpol channels searched 5373 accused and convicted; most often on the international wanted list announced for crimes against the person and in the economic sphere.
In turn, in Russia last year Interpol was looking for 1684 person. Of them were detained 130 searched by foreign law enforcement agencies and established the location of another 28 that had been missing. However, left Russia only 25 in the rest of the extradition procedure is still ongoing: it requires a large number of formalities.
meanwhile, even the terrible Interpol is not always able to catch a fugitive. For example, if he was able to obtain in the host country refugee status, it is no longer subject to deportation and extradition under international law. There are other subtleties. As explained “Lente.ru” in the press centre of MIA of Russia, in many countries the number of crimes — say, tax fraud or evasion of payment of alimony — are not punishable, and therefore have committed their people to give will not be.
At the same time, the detectives of the Russian Interpol has developed an excellent working relationship with representatives of a number of exotic countries. Among the countries, especially attractive to criminals and fugitives, Argentina, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Jamaica, Japan and Thailand. So those who flee from the Russian Themis, relax there is unlikely.