Criminal kings

“the” begins a series of articles on thieves in law — the “generals” of the underworld. Appearing in the early twentieth century, these people outside the law quickly became the head of the entire crime first the USSR and then Russia. Thieves are not like other crime bosses: they are distinguished by their own ideology, rituals and a kind of “code of honor” which is strikingly different from the rest of the bandits. Their world is safely hidden from prying eyes, and the lawyers themselves rarely make it into the crime reports, while managing everything that is happening on the other side of the law, not only in the post-Soviet space but also beyond it. In the first text of the series, I will discuss how there was a caste of thieves, how to create her unspoken rules, and how varied the world of lawyers for decades.

it is believed that the first thieves appeared in the late 20’s-early 30-ies of XX century. Of course, criminals with a clear ideology (for example, Moses Vinnitsa, known in criminal circles as Mishka Yaponchik) existed before. But they are loners who, unlike lawyers, were not a unified force, the associated General code of conduct. However, if the time of appearance of thieves about you know, about how exactly they appeared at the crime scene, there are three major versions.

the First and most banal — says that thieves have become a product of the prison environment in a difficult time for the country: behind bars, as in any closed community, at the helm of the most powerful and influential members. Over time, these “leaders” of inmates was the second power in the prison, speaking and judges, and punitive among the prisoners.

In the second version, the progenitors of the lawyers are white officers who, after the civil war were not destiny: many of them went to prison. Their comrades on the outside, often went out on the criminal path, called ghanami and eventually got imprisoned. “Ideological” jigani actively fought with the origano — criminals who do not adhere to any rules and was eager to lead the underworld, going on corpses: about the atrocities and cruelty of former white guards remembered with horror the prisoners of the Solovki special purpose camp (SLON) who are not lucky enough to get there in the 30-ies of XX century.

Conspiracy theorists believe that ex-tsarist supporters chose the path of the secret resistance of the new government: they began to Rob and plunder the Soviet state, which destroyed their lives. Indirect confirmation of this theory is that the later-established code of honour amongst thieves sometimes echoes the principles of white officers.

Finally, the third version says that the appearance of the thieves had a hand in the people’s Commissariat of internal Affairs (NKVD). Allegedly in conditions when the country has a huge number of prisoners through fierce Gulag system was “screened” millions of people — the Soviet state was the necessary support in the domestic sector barbed wire agencies. Then the security forces came up with the idea to artificially distinguish among the prisoners and the lawyers, who, thanks to his authority, began to manage the bulk of the prisoners.

the Opponents of this theory note: thieves rules strictly prohibit any contact with the authorities, turning the lawyers of the dissidents of the underworld. If thieves really planted by the NKVD, the criminal world, such a plan probably would be quickly discovered and would have been a failure. However, in favor of “poisonousness” some of the thieves says that after the great Patriotic war, they really went to the side of the authorities — and were mercilessly cut those lawyers who were truly loyal to the thieves ‘ idea. It was a real war behind bars — because by the beginning of the war, the USSR had about 3.5 thousand thieves.

the end of the great Patriotic war was marked by a new influx of prisoners in the Soviet camps. Among them were lawyers, who fought at the front for the Soviet Union — but returned to jail, they are faced with don’t understand those thieves who are on the front were not. The last thought on thieves ‘ concepts involved in the fighting is the deal with the government. For lawyers, soldiers began the persecution, they refused to be considered thieves, but those with this state of Affairs to agree didn’t want. On areas increasingly began to erupt parochial conflicts — and the government, dissatisfied with the stubborn and rebellious thieves, did not fail to take advantage of the split in their ranks and supported the persecuted. So began the confrontation that went down in history of the criminal world under the name of “bitch wars”.

the”Real” lawyers began to call their opponents that have received state support, “thieves spread out”, and more — just bitches. Feeling the force of the bitches were not just swiftly crush enemies, but also to pay the thieves in their ranks. This was done through special rituals: to go to the bitches, the lawyer was enough, for example, to kiss the blade of a knife or “ringing the bell” — to strike with a heavy object on a prepared rail.

“Thieves spread out” did not hesitate to kill opponents who are together called sheep: the thieves old school decapitated them, burned them with electric shocks, cut with knives — and sometimes poking a red-hot crowbar into the anus. These sadistic practices have contributed to the mass influx to the bitches of lawyers who wouldn’t in terrible pain to die. After bitch war, many of the rogue tried to go back to the thieves old school but were not accepted.

rolled out the thieves acted not only where sat themselves: they staged the so-called “Truelove” — these trips camp units consisting of inveterate criminals. These death squads roamed from zone to zone, arranged in each marathons of violence and forced the thieves to move on to bitches. One of the most famous such units was the team of thief Vaska Pivovarova, who fought in a penal battalion, and later became “our man” in the NKVD. The main purpose of her “mission” was to support and demonstrate the power of the branch, which by this time was in each camp.

In this terrible situation thieves of the old school had to change their rules of behavior to survive corny. In their harsh code, there were exceptions: for example, the lawyers in jail had the opportunity to become group leaders and barbers (before any administrative work behind bars with thieves was strictly taboo). This allowed the thieves to feed, and defend themselves: often scissors, secretly carried out of the camp Barber shop, served as weapons in the attack branch. Despite these tricks, in the mid 50-ies, when the branches of the war ended, the number of lawyers has been greatly reduced: some of the thieves were killed, some went to the bitches. But there were those who managed to lay low, survive the massacre and bide your time.

After a bitch war camp tranquility did not last long: in the early 60-ies in the zones began the oppression of the prisoners — they cut the number of meetings with relatives, has tightened the regime, and most importantly, reduced the possibilities to transfer. Then came the “finest hour” surviving the lawyers who had connections and their channels of supply of food —so valuable behind bars sausages, tea, cigarettes, and the like. Of course, all this was not free — but the ordinary prisoners have agreed to pay any money just to taste something other than the terrible prison gruel. Gradually the law began to be treated as the benefactors that played into their hands.

However, the picture for the thieves was rosy at first glance: loosed steam bitches have not gone away — and took a break, started again to push their sworn enemies, albeit not as aggressively as in the female war. For lawyers it is a time of change: the mastermind behind the adjustments of the thieves ‘ code became a thief Anatoly Cherkasov (Cherkas). However, it later emerged that he had concealed from thieves community for two state awards received in the war — but history, as we know, not rewrite.

Cherkas tabled lawyers four main proposals. First, he began to argue for the abolition of the rule that a thief must sit in jail from time to time. The author of the “amendments” reasonably said that the freedom of lawyers will be much more effective. According to Cherkasov, to represent their interests in places of deprivation of liberty for legalists would have been much better represented — “polozhentsev” and “looking”, which shortly thereafter became known as the “trump pigeons”.

the Second idea of the innovator was to impose a tribute to the thieves ‘ obshchak “tsehovikov” — until the late 80-ies was called the underground entrepreneurs. This amount is levied on illegal traders, according to the idea of Cherkas was not supposed to be predatory in theory, desperate machinists could contact the police. Thieves, of course, it was useless.

the Third item of its programme Cherkas was proposed to mitigate the ban on cooperation with law enforcement. No, to inform, to confess and be known as the victims the thieves still had no rights. But to sign the paper with the renunciation of criminal activity with which the guards tried to suppress all thieves movement, are now allowed. While Cherkas nod to the old thieves ‘ law, saying, the word is given to a law enforcement officer. Finally, a thief, a reformer proposed to make a “roof” for the community of thieves in the environment of dishonest officials and guardians of the law, which was supposed to bribe for money.

All proposals Cherkasova was approved at the thieves ‘ meeting (the meeting), which occurred in the early 70-ies in Kiev. However, as shown, the adjustments demanded item on levies from tsehovikov: some lawyers still have started to be greedy, to take more than the — and on the horizon loomed a serious conflict. However, it managed to avoid thanks to the meeting of 1979, held in Kislovodsk. For the first time in the history of the world of thieves to the meeting were invited the foreign representatives tsehovikov. Together, the congregation decided that from now on, lawyers are entitled to charge entrepreneurs no more than ten percent of their profits. This situation suited both sides.

Thieves code, as amended by Cherkas is still in effect. At first he followed the lawyers were called thieves of the new formation, but over the years it has become common to all. However, the blow inflicted on it by the “dashing” 90-e: in the time of troubles in the prominent thieves in law became fashionable to take the patronage of organised criminal groups (OPG). Some lawyers were even considered to be gang leaders and rapidly amass capital that did not bring the reputation of the thieves any good. The number of lawyers who adhere to the uniform code of thieves, is rapidly decreased.

the cornerstone of the current code of the legalist is the devotion to the idea of thieves: the thief must constantly confront the government and not to cooperate with him, to be outside society and have no social ties, in particular, not to start a family. However, family values among the lawyers respect: people related by marriage, it is customary to help; also in the world of criminal “generals” respect their elders and parents, especially mothers.

in Addition to the family, the thief in the law should not have a permanent place of residence. Employment is also taboo for the lawyer, the code is strictly prohibited. Not welcome in the underworld environment and business: it is believed that to feed a lawyer needs only to its criminal trade.

the Code also prohibits thieves lie to their “colleagues”, to steal from them illegally retaliate to other lawyers, if revenge is not approved by the entire underworld community. Interestingly, in the “gentleman’s set” of each thief must include the ability to honestly play cards with other lawyers. This skill shows that the man is fearless and willing to take the risk of losing anything from money to a private life.

Not commitment to such VA-Bank is not only infidelity thieves the idea, but also a manifestation of cowardice, is not valid for this lawyer. In General, the resistance and the readiness with dignity to endure any hardships and sorrow in the criminal world is highly valued; its no wonder people often call themselves “carpigiani”. By the way, because self-esteem is very important for any thief, the code of lawyers forbids them to raise a hand to each other or to jump into their midst empty and unsubstantiated insults.

While in prison, lawyers are supposed to take in hand the reins of the lives of other inmates. The thieves behind bars enhance their power, keep order and provide other lawyers, zagraevsky in a penal insulator (SHIZO). In addition, criminal “generals” collected from inmates tribute to the common Fund and replenish it. Another thieves obligation (as in prison and at liberty) — recruitment in the ranks of criminals youth and teaching her the rules of “life concepts”, in fact, the training of new “cadres.”

by the Way, today thief in law can only become a man — but it was not always so. Before the war, the USSR had about 500 “sekonic”: completely gone this criminal caste only in 1956. Then the lawyers decided that from now wear the thieves the title of women don’t. Substantiated simple: a thief cannot have sexual encounters with men and women have them provided by nature, so zakonnica them not to be.

Such a global solution thieves take together, met at a regular meeting. It can take place anywhere — the history knows a case when the thief in the law Sergey Lipchansky (Siberian) organized a meeting of lawyers in the dungeons of the famous Butyrka, just agreeing with the guards. Although, of course, where most of the thieves intend in restaurants or out of town. However, such a large event, like a thieves ‘ meeting, quickly learn and operatives, and then meeting lawyers often leads to mass arrests.

in order to become a member of the thieves club, the applicant must meet certain conditions: have a few served time in jail and bail of at least two existing “legalists” with the thieves ‘ titles at least five years each. If the conditions are met, all the colonies is posted “thieves run” (“kite”): the message that so-and-so wants to be a kingpin. This is done, firstly, to inform the criminal world, and secondly, to gather information about the candidate.

Maybe he hides that has a gambling debt? Have been having sex with a man? Knocking on someone? If this turns out the way the lawyers for the applicant is closed. If nothing interesting and is contrary to a thieves code in the biography of the candidate is not appointed the day of dedication, which can take place both in the area, and outside his prison cell. By the way, before the very initiation for Christians called “baptism”, and for Muslims — “the coronation”. Now more often used common to all religions wording — “the question” on a person.

At the dedication of a small-time thief takes an oath, in which it agrees to honor thieves ‘ traditions. Sometimes he beat the tattoo of a heart pierced by a dagger. However, this is not necessarily — and the famous thief “stars” on his shoulders and does become a thing of the past.

Voluntarily relinquish the powers of the thieves the lawyer can only be for one reason — serious illness, not allowing him to attend the gatherings. In this case, it refers to the world of thieves with the request to send his “retirement”. After verification of the veracity, the lawyer released to the world. At this the thieves of the title “retired” shall not be deprived, only slightly changing the name — now it is called “a thief in the crown”.

But if you voluntarily give up its powers, the thief actually can’t, then lose the title for misconduct — quite. How to punish the guilty, the thieves decide the whole world, on the General gathering.

the lawyer as the Guilty usually are invited to the meeting; of the coming judgment it does not warn. After he was charged — necessarily with the evidence, “the defendant” has a right to defend myself by any arguments. If all his efforts in vain, the thief admits to “guilty” and the participants of the gathering choose his punishment.

The easiest of all is the humiliating slap in the face that “convicted” weigh the other kingpin. At the same time to beat back, otherwise can and do lose their titles: the punishment is different, “debunking”, “askarovna” or “plundering”. The current thief has the lawyer’s ears — and he becomes “the man”: behind bars it will have to take as a simple barman without any privileges.

as to the most terrible punishment of the criminal world, it is, as elsewhere, the death penalty. The lawyer can kill for very serious offenses: snitching, treachery, willfully killing another thief or unauthorized addition from itself powers of the thieves. Imposed “sentence” only at the gathering of the main lawyers of the whole region of the country: the most popular variant of its execution is considered suicide. The guilty should kill herself. Of course, ready for this is not all: some are trying to stall for time, the other a fugitive.

In this case in the criminal world there are regular killers liquidators, who find the fugitives and lead “sentences” in execution. Usually such killers skillfully mask the massacre by accidents: the victim can push under the car or to fake food poisoning, hiding the poison. From the exotic — the fugitive could slip a prostitute who at the most unexpected moment will make him a lethal injection.

However, if such sophisticated ways possible, “convict” can just put in concrete shoes and send it to the bottom of the reservoir, as it liked to do, participants of various organized crime groups. And sometimes the executioners not only did not try to hide their actions, but, on the contrary, satisfied with the likeness of acts of intimidation: a case where the liquidator has overtaken “the convict” for the betrayal of a fugitive train, where he gouged out his eyes, cut off his tongue and ears, which are then hammered a nail.

In the criminal world known and another story where one of the provincial Russian towns the offending lawyer was forced to crawl into the period of the construction of the pipeline and welded shut the entrance. A few days miserable in the pitch dark looking for a way out, until by chance it came across. However, to get it out, but that’s crazy: for a long time “condemned” vain was treated in a psychiatric hospital and eventually committed suicide.

the Exact number of thieves that are now in Russia is difficult to call: it prevents the maximum conspiracy in their midst. However, it is estimated that in 2013 there were about four hundred thieves on the loose, and about one hundred — who is serving a sentence in places of deprivation of liberty. Of course, on the background of 3.5 thousand lawyers early 40-ies of XX century, these numbers are not large.

In this case, the thieves have not just become less: rapidly fading, those of them who life strictly followed the thieves ‘ code. More and more lawyers allow themselves to do business, and start a family. For example, the far East kingpin Evgeny Vasin (Jam) in the 90s, his title didn’t hurt to manage a huge organized crime community “Obshchak” and create things that are very far from the strict rules of the thieves.

In the same 90-e, by the way, thieves titles began to trade, albeit for a lot of money; there are lawyers, never in my life have not trampled the area. More than that: recently thieves title became possible to obtain almost Skype — in fact, why pack, if you have the video? Of course, those thieves who still honors the traditions, such innovations cause at least perplexity.

Appeared in the “underworld” and “secular” punishment — penalties. Now have committed minor misdemeanor lawyer is a humiliating slap in the face, which somehow undermine his credibility, can get away with a contribution in thieves ‘ obshchak. Against this background, the lawyers of the new generation, unlike their ancestors, have ceased to be proud of the shots behind bars: in prison they go extremely reluctantly.

overall, in recent years lawyers much ground, and strict adherence to the thieves ‘ code is becoming more of a feature of thieves old school. However, rigid regulations have made the lawyers who they are — the first persons of the criminal world. And when the thieves ‘ code for years, will finally sink into oblivion, there’s a good chance that the once mighty and influential thieves in law, for whom the honor was not an empty word, will be converted into ordinary bandits.

Special services of Turkey, learned of the impending assassination attempt on Erdogan in the Balkans

Turkey’s Intelligence agencies learned of a possible assassination attempt on the President Recep Tayyip erdoğan during his forthcoming visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is reported TRT Haber.

it is Noted that Western intelligence agencies gave Turkish colleagues about “plotting to kill a group of Turkish citizens during his visit to the Balkans”. While there is no clear information about time, day, place and planned modus operandi.

In July 2017, the Turkish intelligence agencies warned German police about a possible attack on Erdogan during the G20 summit in Hamburg. In particular, Ankara the day before the forum to Berlin sent a letter in which reported that the attack on the Turkish leader can “people, dressed in the uniform of the German police”. According to the newspaper Die Welt, the German secret services were not further strengthen the security measures, arguing that to carry out the attempt on the Turkish leader is impossible.

The Consul of the master race

Consul of Ukraine in Hamburg Vasily Marusinec childhood considered themselves not like everyone else. Even as a simple Transcarpathian peasant, he was acutely felt by the Aryan Superman. Marusinec not accustomed to hide their feelings and willingly shared with friends ideas of building the Empire of the Aryans. Years and career is not cooled his zeal on the contrary, once on the ground the “true Aryans”, the Ukrainian diplomat revealed really. The investigation blogger Anatoly Sharia and the ensuing scandal apparently put an end to the career of the Aryan Consul. But what about his colleagues — with the Ukrainian ambassadors and consuls who have read and laykali openly anti-Semitic posts Marusina? In the history of the Aryan Consul and how widespread neo-Nazi ideas among Ukrainian diplomats, understood “the”.

Page Basil Marusina in Facebook is closed to outsiders, his posts can only watch friends. However, Anatoly Sharii was able to access its content. In your video the blogger shows selected publications of the Ukrainian diplomat.

02:40 minute, the Consul of Ukraine proposes the flag of Ariana — “the future of the Empire that should unite the land of the Aryans”. It is a yellow swastika in a blue circle on the red background-black flag (the symbol of Ukrainian ultra-nationalists approx. “Of the”).

In other posts Marusinec develops the idea of Ariany — state, which, according to his plan, to live the true Aryans. According to the diplomat, the Aryans it is necessary to expand the Ukrainian living space at the expense of Russian, Polish, Hungarian and Romanian lands. According to Ukrainian Consul, all the above Nations are low relative to the Aryans.

At 04:54 minute Shary demonstrates how Marusinec justifies the Holocaust. In the article “Holocaust Revisionism” he claims: “the Jews declared war on Germany in March 1934” and below says: “God punish Jews and Muscovites”.

In the second video noteworthy post of the Ukrainian Consul on the occasion of his 60th anniversary (13:42 min). The diplomat boasts a cake in the form of the book “Mein Kampf” (a software product of Adolf Hitler’s “My struggle” — ed. “Of the”).

Marusinec from childhood, sympathized with the Nazis and Ukrainian collaborators. Friends and villagers believe that their role in the formation of his views played a father who fought in world war II in the German army and was nearly hit in the Stalingrad cauldron. The young man did not hide the nationalist, anti-Semitic and anti-Soviet views — however, in Western Ukraine, they were not something exotic.

To the diplomatic service Marusinec had no desire, according to the source “Strenia”. He grew up in a peasant family in the Transcarpathian region, and the limit of his ambitions was to get at least some education. Dreams come true. After the provincial training Institute Marusinec returned to his native village. At what point he became aware of their belonging to the Aryan race — is not known, but when entering the University, he went to the faculty of foreign languages, chose German. He has taught students the language and in my spare time I read, including everything I could find on the topic of interest of racial superiority. Knowledge of German, of course, greatly enhanced its capabilities.

Who knows, might not be Marusinec ideological nationalists, his life would have ended in his native village, studying the cultural heritage of the philosophers of the Third Reich, their predecessors and imitators. But he was attracted by the active, including political activities, and at the end of the 1980s, the rural teacher has joined the party “people’s movement” (“people’s movement” — ed. “Of the”). 30 years ago, the national democratic party was one of the most popular in Ukraine.

From her the Consul several times ran to the Verkhovna Rada. However, the peak of his political career was the post of the head of the village Council in 1994. Of his most significant cases of the time we only know about the renaming of the rural streets in honor of Ukrainian nationalists — Bandera, Shukhevych, Konovalets.

At some point, Martinez realized that the village chief could become the crowning achievement of his political career, and decided to radically change their life and occupation. In 1996, at the age of 40, he enrolled in the Diplomatic Academy and, after graduating, went to work in Ministry of foreign Affairs. Some time worked in Kazakhstan, and then in the archives Department of the foreign Ministry.

According to the permanent representative of Ukraine to the United Nations Volodymyr Yelchenko, the stars of heaven in the diplomatic field Marusinec not enough, and it had to fire in 2004. Then he has not passed the professional certification, but inexplicably managed to stay in the foreign Ministry. Yelchenko associates it with those [first] Maidan. On the background of those events personnel routine faded into the background, and Marusinec served. Subsequent transfer to consular work and moving to Germany, apparently, inspired him to new, more bright ideas.

Ukrainian foreign Ministry quickly reacted to the scandal involving his employee. The next day after the publication of the investigation to the Minister of foreign Affairs Pavlo Klimkin in his Twitter announced that the anti-Semites have no place in the foreign Ministry, and began to regard the Consul disciplinary proceedings. However, the passion did not abate, and on Monday the 14th of may Marusina withdrew to Ukraine.

the Scandal with the Consul, provoked a strong reaction of Ukrainian envoy UN. In his blog on Twitter Volodymyr Yelchenko said he knew of Marushina before, called him a jerk and called not to judge Ukraine for such as he.

However, sharp statement of the Ukrainian Ambassador to the diplomatic corps of Ukraine met deaf with silence: other diplomats condemned colleague. The silence could be attributed to corporate ethics and unwillingness to wash dirty linen in public, however, there is reason to believe that the Ukrainian diplomats are driven by more than professional solidarity. Friends with the Consul-Aryan — two dozen profiles of foreign Ministry officials who not only read and likely, but also commented on his controversial positions.

In this story is of special interest not even the fact of anti-Semitic remarks Consul Maruchina. In the end, any system can penetrate radical, from time to time, hide their views. However, in a well-functioning public service, such staff must quickly identify and get rid of them. In the case of the Ukrainian foreign Ministry has turned out otherwise.

Anatoly Shary demonstrates the staff page of the Ukrainian foreign Ministry, who are friends with Vasily Maruchina. They saw his anti-Semitic publications and in the best case, no, they did not respond. Among friends in Facebook at the Consul — Deputy permanent representative of Ukraine to the international organizations in Vienna Ihor Lossovsky, former Ambassador of Ukraine to India and Australia Valentyn Adomaitis, Professor of the Diplomatic Academy Vyacheslav Cavity, Colonel-General interior Ministry Bogdan Pylypiv, former Minister of foreign Affairs, and nowadays the people’s Deputy Bogdan Tarasiuk and many others.

All these people belonging to the diplomatic elite of Ukraine, knew of the existence within its ranks of a radical anti-Semite and was silent. Even Ukraine’s permanent representative at UN, calling Marusina bastard and a jerk, says that know him long ago, and that, as already mentioned, was not a hypocrite and his views were not hidden.

Judging by the details of the biography of Marushina shared Yelchenko, he knows of at least 14 years. However, apparently, during this time, nothing was done in order to attract future Consul responsible or at least to expel him from the foreign Ministry. Moreover. Some representatives of the Ukrainian diplomatic elite is not just knew and remained silent, but expressed approval of the posts of Marushina.

for Example, November 4, 2015 Marusinec publishes photos of an ancient vessel, and writes: “Here is a jug. And he many thousands of years. And it is our swastika.” Like “his” swastika put the ex-Ambassador of Ukraine in India Valentyn Adomaitis and Colonel-General of the Ministry of internal Affairs in resignation Bogdan Pylypiv.

a Festive photo for the 60th anniversary of the Consul with a cake in the form of the book “Mein Kampf” praised the first Secretary of the Embassy of Ukraine to the United States Valeriy Stupak, first Secretary, Ministry of foreign Affairs of Ukraine Valentina Krotova and Advisor-envoy of Ukraine to China Vasily Galanin.

September 26, 2016, the Ukrainian Consul shared the article about Kyiv Prince Svyatoslav. In the commentary he writes: “the Leader Svyatoslav — the liberator of the land of the Khazars from the Jewish yoke”. The post about the Jewish yoke also liked prominent Ukrainian diplomats — for example, the current Ambassador of Ukraine in Portugal Inna Ohnivets and the above-mentioned Valentyn Adomaitis.

After the publication of the investigation of the Sharia was exactly a week, however, the only reaction of the Ukrainian foreign Ministry was the opinion of Marusina from Germany. However, neither his leadership, which was supposed to control his subordinate or colleagues who laykali his Nazi and anti-Semitic positions, until now did not incur any punishment.

the Chairman of the Ukrainian Jewish Congress Eduard Dolinsky doubt that the scandal will have any major impact on colleagues Marusina: “I don’t think the punishment will affect the colleagues of the Consul who liked his posts, although the disciplinary sanction would have to receive all who saw it and didn’t react”.

the Lack of serious reaction of the state Dolinsky explains the peculiarities of modern Ukrainian society, which has developed a fairly tolerant attitude towards anti-Semitism. Such tolerance begins to alert the partners of Ukraine in the West. In April a group of 56 U.S. congressmen sent to US state Department the letter, which expresses concern about the growth of anti-Semitism and neo-Nazism in Ukraine. Congressmen accuse Ukrainian government the misrepresentation of the Holocaust, honoring the Nazi collaborators and unwillingness to investigate anti-Semitic crimes.

And on may 15, shortly after the withdrawal of Marusina, the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum issued a statement in which he listed such examples of anti-Semitism, as the desecration of Jewish memorial sites and anti-Semitic statements by neo-Nazi groups in Lviv and Odessa.

Perhaps the Ukrainian Ministry of foreign Affairs had to react to the behavior of his employee solely because such letters and statements. And if in other circumstances it could just hush up, now from critics overseas allies do not just dismiss — election looming. The authorities of Ukraine is important not only in words but in deeds, to show fight anti-Semitism and neo-Nazism, to continue to count on sympathy and support from the West.

Became known the details of the attack of militants on the Church in Grozny

Parishioners Archangel Michael in Grozny held the door of the Church not to allow gangsters inside. About it Agency TASS said the rector father Sergius Abasov.

“It was a typical Saturday service before Sunday. The service went when I went out in the middle of the temple, after 10 minutes I heard the shots. We all understand that fighters now come to the main door. I gave the command to close the door to those who stood near the door. They closed, but could not hold, because there are women, grandmothers were single male, I went over, held the door, they opened fire on the door,” he said, adding that at this point injured one of the believers.

Father Sergius added that no one had expected the attack on the temple could take place at the service, also in the Muslim Holy month of Ramadan.

the Afternoon of 19 may, the militants tried to seize hostages parishioners Orthodox Church of the Archangel Michael. Killing two police officers and one parishioner. During the special operation, four terrorists were killed. Their identity is established.

Spanish Fox

“the” continues the series of informative articles about the lives of dictators. Last week, we told on the Chilean Tirana Augusto Pinochet. The interest in them continued unabated during his reign, nor after he left office. The press was excited by reports of all new criminal cases that were instituted against Pinochet and closed with the same speed. This information is mixed with information about the state of his health. Most Chileans were interested in the question: whether it will live up to the court and answer for the deaths of thousands of people during his reign? Even now, after his death, Pinochet leaves local residents alone, causing some fierce hatred, and the other is a true delight. This time it will be the wife of a Spanish dictator Francisco Franco Carmen. She hasn’t been without pearl jewelry, was jealous of Eva Peron, fit in all the Affairs of her husband, trying to turn Spain into a Catholic Iran.

“Great wife of General Franco demonstrates his slender figure, scarcely discernible during hazy outfit of black gas, which gently caresses the expensive coat” — so poetically described by Doña Carmen, her biographer.

He was echoed by another historian, noting that the “sacrificial character” of the wife of Generalissimo hiding “steel determination and tenacity”. Both experts concurred that Doña Carmen was haughty, arrogant and proud. According to contemporaries, she very painfully react to criticism, was in this respect more vulnerable than her husband, the dictator.

Wife Franco always look flawless in public. “She was not a beauty, but she had an aristocratic profile, refined manners, she possessed a genuine vitality,” said close. She udelala its external appearance.

Increased interest in his own person time and again she was having trouble with. An unpleasant incident occurred in 1947, when into Spain came the wife of Argentine dictator Juan perón — Eva Peron. The famous Argentine, always dressed with taste, ordered a hat from their local designer (costumes from Chanel it will be just after this trip to Europe). Hat Evita was much extravagant and larger in size than that of Doña Carmen. His anger and chagrin knew no bounds.

First went to the Spanish designers of the first lady, afterwards Mrs. Carmen bought dozens of luxury and grandiose hats that henceforth no one was dressed more luxuriously than she is.

the Only thing that saved Carmen from despair — her jewels were larger and more expensive than Peron. For Antiques, jewelry, collecting jewelry and objects of art she had a special weakness. The Spaniards joked that their first lady as soon as there, immediately wears strands of pearls on the neck, and then deals with other matters. They called her Doña Collares (“Lady necklace”).

By the way, love the pearls and other famous women. So, the groom Rainier III bought his future wife grace Kelly pearl set for the wedding. One of the most favorite jewelry Marilyn Monroe it was a pearl necklace. More of such jewelry has become the future first lady of the United States Jacqueline Kennedy.

pearl Jewelry most often on the daily official visits of the British Queen wears Elizabeth II. My first jewel from the stone she had received at nine years old from his grandfather, the Geographical V, celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of his reign. Another similar decoration gave her parents on her 18th birthday. The necklace, simple but classically elegant, the Queen of Britain is life.

In the previous cases it was about gifts. Wife Franco in most cases, I bought everything myself. In search of Antiques, the first lady did not hesitate to visit the Madrid flea market. Her passion for such things has generated a lot of gossip. It was rumoured that many owners of jewellery shops, forced to give up her goods for next to nothing, had hard times after her devastating visits.

outside Spain, many people hardly know about its existence. However, inside the country the name of this women did not descend from pages of Newspapers. The Spaniards feared, hated it, and strongly envied her.

the Wife of the last dictator in Western Europe, a friend of Adolf Hitler and Italian fascist Benito Mussolini, no one was left indifferent. Haters of the first lady for her active intervention in the Affairs of the state call her zorra — “the Fox, the crafty”.

Carmen Polo was born in an aristocratic family, whose ancestors made their fortune in America. Her father was the son of a Professor of literature, mother — hereditary noblewoman. Future husband and the girl met in the spring of 1917, when 24-year-old Franco was transferred from Spanish Morocco in Oviedo. The local elite is very cold took a young man, calling him El Comandantino (Maiorescu). Franco did not save even his aristocratic origin. The family of Carmen to the persistent courtship of a lover treated with dissatisfaction: the reason was its poor financial position, the girl’s father thought that the officer is going to cash in on the marriage of his daughter provided.

Meanwhile, boyfriend has managed to arouse the interest of the Carmen and a few years later the family still agreed to the marriage, no small role was played by the military successes of Franco.

Subsequently, the marriage across the country will be called solid, durable and perfect. However, according to contemporaries, Franco didn’t pay his wife enough attention, putting in the first place military and later political career.

over the years, the Union turned in more than a formality, the relationship lost romance. A large role was played by the misunderstandings between the spouses. In one joint interview Carmen described the shortcomings of her husband: “the reason for the disagreement is his excessive love of Africa and reading books, which I do not understand anything”.

Despite this, it has played an increasingly important role in the political life of Spain, is actively interfering in the Affairs of her husband. So, in the last years of the dictatorship, she made her elderly and already ailing husband to include in the composition of the government of her favorite Carlos arias Navarro. After a little hesitation, the dictator decided to make him the head of the Cabinet of Ministers. Policy falling out of favor with doña Carmen, quickly lost their Ministerial portfolios. So, for example, flew out of their seats the liberal-minded head of the Mead Gregorio lópez Bravo and head interior Ministry Thomas Garicano GoNU.

the Spaniards were whispering that Carmen is responsible for the serious religious imbalance in the country. In the country joked that Spain has become a kind of Iran, only Catholic. Laws the adoption of which it has made, heavy toll on women. So, Spanish was strictly forbidden to leave the family, in order to obtain a Bank loan, the woman had to obtain the signature of the father or husband. In addition, the Spaniards could not become University professors, and even act as witnesses at the trials.

20 November 1975 Francisco Franco died and his designated successor, Prince Juan Carlos de Bourbon came to the throne as king Juan Carlos I. the Monarch has left former first lady, having welcomed a General’s widow a lifetime pension and a title of grandessa and Signora de Mars.

Only two months after her husband’s death she had to leave beloved Royal Palace of El Pardo. Here’s how it described its close: “when he Came home from Church, she last visited his room. All that belonged to her, was already safely Packed. At noon was a modest lunch with her daughter and granddaughter. At 18:10 she walked down the stairs of the castle. The servants expected her latest orders. Franco’s widow still wore mourning: she was dressed in black from head to toe, the only thing that adorned her three strands pearl necklace and large pearl earrings. She was saddened, knowing that it will lose everything that had being first lady.”

in Recent years, Carmen Franco lived a recluse, in isolation from its relatives, rarely left the house, did not communicate with the press and was not interested in political life of the country. Her husband she is survived by 13 years and died in his Madrid apartment. The widow of the dictator was buried near her beloved.

In 1987, she was not able to attend the next March of supporters of Franco, held on the anniversary of the death of the dictator. Doña Carmen survived her husband thirteen years and died 6 Feb 1988 in his Madrid apartment. According to the doctor Vicente Pozuelo Escudero, the cause of death of an elderly woman became aggravated on 1 February of bronchial pneumonia. Besides these, the deceased also suffered from chronic arthritis. My condolences on behalf of the Royal family to the relatives of the deceased brought Queen Sofia, who visited the daughter of Mrs. Carmen and her spouse.

the Widow of Francisco Franco was buried near the Palace of El Pardo. Queen Sofia came to visit her daughter and personally expressed his condolences. Witnesses said that a doña Carmen walked more than five thousand people, many were holding red-and-yellow Spanish flags with the images on them are black eagle (they used during the dictatorship of Franco).

the family of the former dictator and now lives happily ever after, still one of the richest in the country: their fortune is estimated at 160 million euros, and this is not including property and luxury items that they possess, as well as multi-million dollar business centered in their hands. One of the main asset remains Villa la Valdefuentes, built on the territory that the dictator had acquired almost came to power. Franco’s biographers assert that the money to buy the luxurious mansion he has received from charitable organizations.

the Fact that the dictator has a cost of 2.5 million pesetas in 1940, is now estimated at over 2.5 billion euros. On land owned by the family, there is a huge shopping centre Xanadu, which houses a bowling alley, mini-Golf, go-karting, cinemas and even indoor ski slope.

Spain still go serve about fabulous wealth and expensive things that got the family of the dictator during his reign. So, in 1978, the daughter of Franco, on their way to Switzerland, was caught in Madrid-Barajas airport. She had 38 precious medals that belonged to his father. The woman later forgave, forcing him to give artifacts to the Museum. According to the daughter of Franco, “they were lying around the house, driving her into depression”, so she wanted to melt them in a Swiss cuckoo clock.

the head of the clan was the grandson of Franco named Francisco. He owns a slaughterhouse that supplies meat for export, a network of restaurants La Coruña, laser medical center and shops of fashionable clothes Cortefield.