American Alabama called “pay toilet United States.” Alabama fear that their state will become a national dump new York shit. The cities have not cope with the amount of feces produced by a growing population, and had to send them to other States, preferring South — because of low prices. Local authorities, to Supplement the meager municipal budget, are willing to accept “branded” fecal masses, but the populace strongly opposed to the contents of sewage and other wastes dumped in their lands throughout the country.
the Last straw was 200 wagons of feces from new York: train for two months stuck in one of the towns of Alabama, bringing to mind its inhabitants. The statements of the authorities that this business is completely legal, but treated wastewater are harmless, do not apply. “Shit war” the South and the North at “the Tape.ru”.
With a growing population of large American cities had to solve the problem, which is not going anywhere, — the disposal of human feces. In the US, about 50 percent of human excreta extracted from the sewage, transform into fertilizer. Another 28 percent are dumped to landfills, 17 percent is burned. However, when disposing raise two issues — price and the environment.
new York and new Jersey are faced with the problem of disposing several decades ago. Until the early 90-ies of the waste water is purified of them stood biosolid (organic sludge), after which they just dumped in the Hudson or the Atlantic at a distance of 106 miles from the coast. However, in 1988, after environmentalists raised the alarm, Congress introduced the Federal ban on dumping sewage into the ocean and gave the regional authorities a few years to find a new way of getting rid of your own shit. New York adopted the decision to build a plant for processing waste in human life into fertilizer for agriculture.
the Idea was not new — back in the 1920-ies the system mastered in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Now about 90 percent of all biosolids recycled into fertilizer. However, in new York, a brilliant business plan almost failed after the manufacture of fertilizer was established, it was found that farmers are afraid to use the “product” from new York, knowing that he toxic. The problem was solved by agreeing to supply several farmers in Colorado, and in 1992 there by rail went to the first train of 17 cars loaded with new York-based fertilizers. The stories of one of the local farmers, all of them covered panic, they even wanted to leave the earth, when he learned that “waste water from new York is on the way”. But soon the villagers noticed that those who used recycled biosolid from new York, yield better, and pests in the fields less, and the crap the people of new York appeared excessive demand. The metropolis continued to produce fertilizer, and farmers continued to buy it. Now formulations of granular fertilizer went to Colorado twice a month. The longest train made up 153 of the car.
Concerns Colorado farmers quite reasonable: the opponents of biosolid noted that they often found traces of pharmaceutical drugs, steroids, heavy metals, hormones and pathogens.
Over time, before new York there was a question of prices: the production of fertilizers from human feces (and a day new York city produces 1,200 tons of biosolids) and shipping them thousands of miles by rail flew into the penny — the cost amount reached 100 million dollars per year. As a result, in 2012, the new York decided to give from this method of processing the faeces. Contractors used dump near the metropolis, however, the much reduced the amount of received waste.
the city Authorities, apparently, didn’t want to splurge on a plant similar to the one that solves the problem in Washington: enterprise for nearly half a billion dollars recycle faeces by burning. The leadership of new York decided to give preference to cost-effective method of disposal is to pay intermediary companies that just take out biosolid out of sight. A way to get rid of the human waste turned out to be two times cheaper.
Saving for major cities in the conditions of economy be southern States — local operators offer customers the lowest prices for disposal services. The companies have entered into an agreement with the authorities in a poor American heartland who are willing to give permission for the operation of landfills and in exchange for jobs and a steady income, explained Professor of rural sociology Auburn University in Alabama Conner Bailey. Often these decisions accept to the detriment of local residents and without their knowledge.
It is because of these policies, in Perry (a poor district of Alabama, populated mostly by African Americans) located the landfill where the disposal of coal ash (slag from the combustion of coal, which can log heavy metals) from power plants in the neighboring state of Tennessee. In the city of Uniontown, which is also located in the district of Perry, the local authorities have repeatedly issued a work permit to the operator of a major landfill “Eroded” (Arrowhead Landfill), which accepts waste from 33 other States and covers an area the size of two Central parks in new York. Attempts by local residents to prove that their rights have been violated, do not bring results — local Agency for environment protection claims that a sufficient reason.
a Similar story in the town of Amilly, County of Sumter, where a third of the population is below the poverty line. Near the settlement is the largest in America, the toxic waste dump. Her opened in 1978, by agreement between local authorities and Chemical Waste Management, Inc., however, without the consent of local residents.
the Authorities in new York and new Jersey also aimed to landfills in the South of the country: the metropolis sends about 85 percent of its human waste to landfills in other regions — particularly in the States of Georgia, Ohio and Alabama. The remaining 15 percent goes to fertilizer in raw and processed form. One of the companies that helps the metropolis to get rid of the waste masses, became the Big Sky Environmental working in Jefferson County (al). Company in 2016 bought the land under the landfill, has received all necessary documents from the Department of conservation Alabama and signed a contract with new York. Under the deal, Big Sky recycle about seven percent of all faeces in new York, intended for burial.
the Metropolis started to send feces to Alabama in 2017 — there are plenty used as an alternative coating for the return of land fertility. About a year the system worked, but rural residents fiercely resisted this initiative: in their view, the economic benefits that promise to them, the operators of the landfills and the local authorities will not cover adverse effects associated with the proximity of landfills — their clock is pursuing a terrible smell. “I could not have dreamed that someone in new York will flush in the toilet and its contents will be in my back yard” — said Charles nicks — the mayor of Alabama city of West Jefferson, located in the vicinity of the landfill.
It was in this town trains arrived Big Sky, Laden feces from new York. At the local railway junction, the whole mass is moved on trucks and then transported to the landfill. However, complaints of citizens concerned not only foul smell, insects and the fact that the feces of the residents of another city are brought into their territory — according to residents of West Jefferson, when transporting by truck the contents of the container fall on the street in front of their houses, and in warm weather, the situation became unbearable. Citizens also reported of the “big spills” faeces on the roads: in order to cope with them, had to call firefighters-rescuers.
In August of 2017, in less than a year after Big Sky signed a contract with new York on the utilization of biosolids, the company faced serious problems: the inhabitants of the West Jefferson rendered her an official warning, and at the beginning of 2018 followed by a full ban after the citizens managed to prove in court that the sharp smell that accompanies the activities of Big Sky, violates the local zoning laws and should not be spread near homes.
because Of the restraining order Big Sky did not have time to unload the part from faeces, arrived from new York. Train drove in the town of Parrish, with a population of less than a thousand people, located 40 kilometres from the site where he was stuck for two months, while Big Sky promised to solve the issue in a short time. The train arrived at the Parrish in February, when the temperature has not risen, and, according to the mayor Parrish Heather Hall, first not delivered concern. But in March, the residents realized what is literally under their noses. “Smells like a dead animal: you can smell and begin to look around in search of a dead dog or deer,” the explained Hall.
When authorities tried to remove the train from its territory, it turned out that absence law of zoning (such as in the West Jefferson) the company does not violate any local regulations. In addition, environmental authorities in the state claimed that feces are stored in the train, despite the smell perfectly safe. Meanwhile, the situation in the city became unbearable: residents of houses located close to the train tracks, had smear noses salve with peppermint, to somehow reduce the smell of feces and rot.
the Situation resolve only in mid-April: the composition was drained, and the smell in the city is gradually eroded. Parrish as West Jefferson, failed to achieve a ban against the Big Sky. The city authorities denied the license of the company and any of its branches, they were granted only temporary permission to export the contents of the containers outside the city.
Big Sky is in a difficult position: according to her representative, the organization has permission to work as the operator of the landfill near West Jefferson and Parrish, as well as permission from local authorities on the use of biosolids at the site, however, any activities meet with desperate resistance. And this despite the supposedly positive economic impact to small American cities and the absolute legality. In the midst of the scandal around the train with the faeces Big Sky were in for another nasty surprise: new York refused from the supply of biosolids to the landfill in Jefferson County.
If Alabama is not the first when new York didn’t send your shit to other regions. Previously, landfills in Pennsylvania refused make biosolid from the metropolis, and also after complaints of a terrible smell, and allegations of violations.
new York has developed a new strategy for dealing with faeces: until 2020, the authorities intend to increase the funding for the disposal of waste in human life. By 2030, the metropolis is going to go completely waste-free production. Similar goals set for themselves Washington, Seattle, San Francisco, Austin, Dallas, and Los Angeles.