Russians rarely leave the house without a container of food, I usually buy macaroni and discuss in public ways to “save something”. The majority are not going to particularly change the way of life: hold onto a stable job, to actively dig up the beds and hope the government. Researcher, laboratory of research for social development INCAP Ranepa Dmitry Loginov calls the situation a negative stabilization. What does this mean and what is worse today than in the 90s, he said “the Tape.ru”.
“Ribbon.ru”: According to published recently, according to the Nielson company, the Russians were less likely to eat out and actively buy pasta. What’s the matter, what’s happening?
usernames Retailers also say that consumers have become more careful with promotions and buy the cheapest goods from the same food groups. As for eating out there is also the trend in the flow of consumers from restaurants to fast food. You mentioned and I listed factors show the forced reduction of consumption. And the pasta… They are cheap, they are easier and faster to prepare and can be folded for a rainy day. It is an adaptation to life in conditions of economic crisis.
Is it? But car sales are rising — like it says a rise of consumption.
Experts discuss what this upgrade is based: the citizens are spending their last reserves and savings, or is it active credit consumption. As for the automotive market, it has grown in comparison with the acute phase of the crisis, but not pre-crisis times.
briefly describe the current situation?
Negative stabilization is the most appropriate term describing the position of most Russians.
At the end of 2014, we recorded the first surge of negative assessments from the public. It was the beginning of the crisis. The second surge came in 2016: people were convinced that the crisis is here to stay, that it will not be completed within one and a half years, as many had hoped, remembering the year 2008 and based on the evaluation of the country’s political leaders.
in the standby mode, the Russians moved to adapt to the new conditions?
Yes, but the possibilities of active adaptation, in comparison with 90-mi, were few.
Is it possible to compare the current situation with the period? Yet the population is not starving.
We are only talking about possibilities of adjustment, of adaptation of Russians to the changed situation. In the 90s, the crisis was much more serious, but at the same time opened new horizons. To find a stable job today, but very few chances to get a promising enterprise. And a small business nowadays is more difficult.
what’s wrong with the prospect?
no one today sees it. The same labor market, if we are talking about it, today is stable and does not imply any, the more rapid development, new some turns. Break nowhere. People tend to be in that job, what they have, and watching the price increase.
the Internet is not considered as an area of rapid development?
Modern information environment offers new adaptive capabilities. In response to the question, what, where and when is helping you in a hard situation, respondents are increasingly talking about blogs, social networks, Internet services. There are also opportunities for employment and job search. For the most part people want to keep a stable job, but you want to get away from the recession the past three years.
that is, “to life returned to normal, but somehow by itself, without my active participation”?
Citizens have lost income, sacrificed a holiday abroad, other costly manifestations of lifestyle, so to speak, fell down and froze in one position, which, of course, worse than it was before the crisis. Activity in the labour market has not yielded significant results, but the intensified development of private farming. And this is true for residents of big cities.
About the potatoes from his garden, preserves and other already not the first year say. But so it was in the 90s, only in the zero began to replace the beds the lawn.
Only in the 90s the citizens still were trying to trade that have grown. Were generally more active: had two to three works, strove to get an education (today the demand for education is high, but the pace is not growing), had a rest also “to the fullest”, using all possibilities, which in Soviet times was not.
You say about reducing consumer activity, and any effect the crisis has on other types of activity, including sexual?
This is not specifically studied, but what you say characterizes the way and style of life. Now more than 70 percent of Russians are paid before the crisis for a leisure activity, reduced their consumption because of declining revenues.
Okay, so that prostitutes have the same losses… These “fallen and frozen in the same position” Russians are the majority?
Oh, and speaking about personal perspectives, about 60 percent of Russians believe that their financial situation will remain unchanged in the next two years.
And the rest?
20 percent of respondents believe that their situation will deteriorate, while 14% expect improvement.
This is not just optimistic… About 10 percent of the population from the crisis was not injured. Such people have the resources to overcome it was enough.
Those who work in the field of defense contracts, selling oil and gas?
Not necessarily, just people who had good position on the labour market, chose the right strategy, the right use of our opportunities and means.
Famous journalist and media Manager Sergei Dorenko, once said that the generation of 30-year-old distracted the past rich oil years so that is no longer able to think rationally. Whether this is so, does it increase the level of financial literacy and responsibility among Russians?
Certainly growing, especially compared to several times already mentioned the 90-mi. Financial pyramids still exist, but participation in them — the phenomenon is not widespread. We, sociologists, can see that those groups of people who could implement any strategy with regards to personal finances, trying to approach this reasonably.
But there was a mass buying up of TV at the end of 2014.
Yes, there was a temporary surge is not very judicious relief money. However, this mass panic, I stress, was very short. Then the Russians who have savings, made a reasonable pause, “holding” consumption to save money.
For what? The Russians are buying up seedlings in the forest so their children could sell the grown trees?
Long-term financial strategies being used are really bad, but largely because the vast majority of the population simply do not have “long” money.
do you Know how much the average Russian family savings?
of Course, no one wants to disclose such information in specific amounts. But we asked about how much you will be able to live on my own, deprived of all income. Most even have savings, talking about the period not more than three months.
where is the money stored in it?
Large sums invested in the purchase of real estate. And so the citizens are willing to trust the state banks, transferred their money back or make deposits in commercial banks, but within the amount guaranteed by the Deposit insurance Agency for the return. Now this, in my opinion, half a million rubles.
In conclusion, I will say that the Russians are relying on the government, but rely only on yourself.