In July of 2017 held a record for the start-up. However, launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome carrier rocket “Soyuz-2.1 a” with the upper stage “Fregat” spacecraft 73 at least 13 are unhealthy. “Roscosmos” recognizes that the launch of satellites into orbit in the booster was fixed the crashing, however, denies the connection between the emergency situation and status of the spacecraft. Meanwhile, at least one of the foreign customers received insurance compensation for inactive satellites, which is possible only if the machines have become unusable due to the operator start-up. What is happening to understand”.ru”.
during start-up July 14, 2017 the spacecraft were displayed on two contracts. First Federal customer who acted “Roskosmos”, has run three of the Russian satellite: “kanopus-V-IK”, “MCA-N No. 1” and “MCA-N No. 2”. Second, the customer who was “glavkosmos” (subsidiary of “Rosatom” engaged in the marketing of Russian launch services abroad), yielded the remaining 70 satellites, the vast majority of whom were foreign. Thus the main load during start-up were considered remote sensing satellite of the Earth “Canopus-b-IR”, while the remaining spacecraft consisted of passing a payload of five microsatellites and nanosatellites 67 (cube-Sats types 1U, 3U or 6U).
According to the flight program, the separation of spacecraft from the “Fregat” took place in three phases, which corresponded to the removal of the respective satellites in three different orbits. First separated (at an altitude of about 500 miles) “kanopus-V-IK”, then the two close orbit (about 600 km) was delivered to the other 24 of the spacecraft. The final phase was the removal (at an altitude of about 480 kilometers), the remaining 48 nanosatellites Dove American company Planet. After separation from the upper stage telemetry was not received from three satellites. All these satellites were Russian: cubsat “lighthouse” was created by enthusiasts of the Moscow Polytechnical University, while the satellites “MCA-N No. 1” and “MCA-N No. 2” was produced by startup Dauria Aerospace.
Subsequently, in Russian and foreign media began to appear information about the failures of other spacecraft that are running at the same time. For example, in September 2017, it became known that one satellite Lemur-2 American company Spire Global has been on an unplanned orbit, and one Dove turned solar panels. At the same time foreign media reported that the connection was lost with cumstom “spark-MAI-85”, but its developer, Moscow aviation Institute, was quick to refute such information.
Later in the same month it became known that stopped responding three cubsat CICERO (Community Initiative for Cellular Earth Remote Observation) is a California-based company GeoOptic and does not communicate joint Ecuadorian-Russian cubsat type 1U “Ecuador UTE-SWSU”. It was in September 2017 American startup Astro Digital said that his two cubita Landmapper-Landmapper and BC1-BC2 are not working. Later it became known that in working condition was at least another three Dove.
Thus 73 of the spacecraft at the moment, at least 13 are in working condition and one is in an unplanned orbit. It is noteworthy that of these 13 9 satellites were launched on two close orbits with an approximate apogee of 600 km, and commercial launches of the customers declared the failure of spacecraft, displayed “Roscosmos”, after open treatment of Dauria Aerospace. Although after the launch of “Soyuz-2.1 a” with the upper stage “Fregat” and spacecraft 73 it took more than eight months, “Roskosmos” and “glavkosmos” I still think his regular. “Glavkosmos” declare that claims on the results run by the owners or customers were reported.
In Dauria Aerospace claim that the “MCA-N No. 1” and “MCA-N no. 2” passed all pre-launch tests and no failures in the preparation phase was not recorded, so the most probable cause of the loss of devices is the external influence. These findings the company was hoping to check received from the state Corporation telemetry information from “Frigate”, as well as collecting special emergency Commission. However, Roskosmos refused Dauria Aerospace in the provision of data and the convening of the Commission, referring to the internal order and available in the submitted documents startup error.
Although the Corporation recognizes “anomalies in one of the thrusters of the booster”, it also denies their connection with malfunctions on the displayed satellites. “Roskosmos” claim that the spacecraft Dauria Aerospace and Astro Digital has separated from the upper stage before there has been a problem. Meanwhile, the telemetry data with the “Fregat”, which Astro Digital has provided the insurer with Starr Aviation, was enough to receive monetary compensation for the lost satellites.
Astro Digital and Starr Aviation has not publicly disclosed the details regarding the insurance payment, but it is known that the loss of Landmapper-Landmapper and BC1-BC2 led leakage of hydrazine on one of the engines of the upper stage, which ignited after you enable other power unit booster. To similar conclusions came and the Russian team involved in the creation of Sputnik “Mayak”. The developers showed that the satellites were placed in orbit with an approximate apogee of 600 km, out of order because “exposed to the decomposition products of hydrazine from one or more liquid thrusters for reactive control system upper stage”.
“Roskosmos” traditionally responded to the incident. In September 2017 the Russian developers to the Corporation was accused of inexperience, and foreign they were launched is generally considered the experimental spacecraft, which often come into disrepair. “Roskosmos”, while speaking with the operator and the customer launch “ICA-N No. 1” and “MCA-N No. 2”, demanded that Dauria Aerospace damages in the amount of 290 million rubles. In March 2018 the developers received “Beacon” data “glavkosmos” considered incorrect statements, leaving the right “in the case of continued speculation to apply appropriate measures.” To Astro Digital and Starr Aviation, “Roskosmos” has sent a request to explain the insurance payment.
the current situation eloquently illustrates the accepted “Roskosmos” techniques for working with customers launches. Young companies, for fear of reputational losses and, as a consequence, the decline of investment are often prefer to remain silent about their problems, even if they occur they are not to blame. In turn, this attitude is beneficial Roskosmos, formally reporting on the successful start-up. The reason is clear — the state Corporation is necessary to provide a formal performance indicators, and private companies to make money. Unfortunately, in the realization of their interests the Corporation, and small private companies, especially foreign ones, are unlikely to find understanding. It seems that the Corporation considers its task of launching satellites even if a result, they become space junk.
Also, we should note the relationship between “Roskosmos”, Dauria Aerospace and developers of the Beacon. First of all, Sputnik “Mayak” triggered “Glavkosmos” for free. For this reason it is understandable why the developers of this spacecraft did not openly make any claims on the Corporation, as well as the clear reaction of “Roscosmos” on the activity enthusiasts. “For the work and charges, product and price”, — the proverb is really about.
by Far the most notable situation for Dauria Aerospace and Astro Digital. The second company closely linked to eliminated the American mission first. No doubt that Dauria Aerospace and Astro Digital resist “Roscosmos” United front, but for obvious reasons the us can start to act more freely than the Russian. Dauria Aerospace certainly knew what they were contacting “Roscosmos”, for which the startup state contract for a very considerable time (2012-2015) for 310 million rubles were collected for two cubita, as well as system placement and separation from the upper stage.